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BACKGROUND A common functional polymorphism (Val/Met) in the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene (COMT) that markedly affects enzyme activity has been shown to affect executive cognition and the physiology of the prefrontal cortex in humans. It is hypothesized that the high activity Val allele slightly increases risk for schizophrenia through its effect on(More)
BACKGROUND Lines of evidence have suggested that the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene may be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Two common functional polymorphisms C-270T and Val66Met within the BDNF gene were first reported by Kunugi et al. [Kunugi, H., Nanko, S., Hirasawa, H., Kato, N., Nabika, T., Kobayashi, S., 2003.(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is a complex major psychiatric disorder affecting ∼1% of the world population. Recently, in a genome-wide association study and a follow-up in Caucasians, Stefansson et al. examined 7662 schizophrenic cases and 29053 normal control subjects and reported seven common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that were significantly(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is the most widely distributed neurotrophin in the central nervous system (CNS), and performs many biological functions such as neural survival, differentiation, and plasticity. Previous studies have suggested that variants in the BDNF gene increase the risk of schizophrenia. In this study, we genotyped one (GT)n(More)
Recent studies of the association between the metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 gene (GRM3) and schizophrenia have produced conflicting results, although GRM3 is a promising candidate gene. Fujii et al. found a single nuclear polymorphism (SNP) for within this gene, rs1468412 to have a positive association to schizophrenia in Japanese patients. To(More)
We carried out an association study between GNB1L and three mental disorders (major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia) in Chinese Han population. Among 1135 cases and 1135 controls, findings suggests that GNB1L is linked with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia and not with major depressive disorder.
Early growth response (EGR) genes are thought to have a role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia because of their conserved DNA binding domain and biologically activity in neuronal plasticity. This zinc-finger motif could influence gene post-translational modification and expression. The multigenetic association model, using markers in genes of similar or(More)
Studies have shown a strong positive association between schizophrenia and G72/G30, demonstrated by both individual markers and haplotypes. A further functional study also supports the role of G72 in the etiology of schizophrenia. In this study, we have replicated these results of transmission/disequilibrium testing (TDT) and haplotype analysis in the Han(More)
Recently, proteolipid protein 1 (PLP1) has been identified as downregulated in schizophrenia by quantitative PCR and other technologies. In this work we attempted to investigate the role of PLP1 in the etiology of schizophrenia using a family based association study in 487 Chinese Han family trios. The TDT for allelic association demonstrated that, in male,(More)
OBJECTIVE The structural, cytoarchitectural and functional brain abnormalities reported in patients with mental disorders may be due to aberrant neuronal migration influenced by cell adhesion molecules. MDGA1, like Ig-containing cell adhesion molecules, has several cell adhesion molecule-like domains. Moreover, Kahler et al. (2008) reported that the MDGA1(More)