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OBJECTIVE This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the correlations of a common polymorphism (677C>T) in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHOD The following electronic databases were searched without language restrictions: Web of Science(More)
We present simulation results of the indium tin oxide (ITO) top diffraction grating using a rigorous couple wave analysis (RCWA) for GaN LEDs. We study three different nano-structure patterns: cylindrical pillar grating, conical pillar grating, and cylindrical nano-hole grating. We show the light transmission improvement with nano-grating designs and(More)
The Gallium Nitride (GaN) Light-Emitting-Diode (LED) bottom refection grating simulation and results are presented. A microstructure GaN bottom grating, either conical holes or cylindrical holes, was calculated and compared with the non-grating (flat) case. A time monitor was also placed just above the top of the LED to measure both time and power output(More)
We present a grating model of two-dimensional (2D) rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA) to study top diffraction gratings on light-emitting diodes (LEDs). We compare the integrated-transmission of the non-grating, rectangular-grating, and triangular-grating cases for the same grating period of 6 µm, and show that the triangular grating has the best(More)
  • Xiaomin Jin, Sean Jobe, Simeon Trieu, Benafsh Husain, Jason Flickinger, Bei Zhang +3 others
  • 2009
In this paper, we present an analysis of gallium nitride (GaN) quantum-well (QW) laser diode (LD) by numerical simulation. Here we discuss three aspects that are crucial to our analysis. First, the transverse mode pattern is studied, and our current GaN diode laser structure is discussed with optical waveguide mode analysis. Then we compare the QW design of(More)
We study the top transmission grating's improvement on GaN LED light extraction efficiency. We use the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method, a computational electromagnetic solution to Maxwell's equations, to measure light extraction efficiency improvements of the various grating structures. Also, since FDTD can freely define materials for any layer(More)