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The use of inbred strains of mice to dissect the genetic complexity of common diseases offers a viable alternative to human studies, given the control over experimental parameters that can be exercised. Central to efforts to map susceptibility loci for common diseases in mice is a comprehensive map of DNA variation among the common inbred strains of mice.(More)
Computational and microarray-based experimental approaches were used to generate a comprehensive transcript index for the human genome. Oligonucleotide probes designed from approximately 50,000 known and predicted transcript sequences from the human genome were used to survey transcription from a diverse set of 60 tissues and cell lines using ink-jet(More)
Changes in gene expression are known to be responsible for phenotypic variation and susceptibility to diseases. Identification and annotation of the genomic sequence variants that cause gene expression changes is therefore likely to lead to a better understanding of the cause of disease at the molecular level. In this study we investigate the pattern of(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and cigarette smoking is a primary determinant of the disease. COPD is characterized by chronic airflow limitation as measured by the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)). In this study, the plasma proteomes of 38 middle-aged(More)
Secreted proteins, the secretome, can be isolated from biological fluids (e.g., blood) and are often responsible for the regulation of biological processes such as cell signaling, growth, and apoptosis. The identification of secreted proteins can lead to an understanding of disease mechanisms and they can serve as early candidate biomarkers of disease and(More)
DNA methylation patterns have been shown to significantly correlate with different tissue types and disease states. High-throughput methylation arrays enable large-scale DNA methylation analysis to identify informative DNA methylation biomarkers. The identification of disease-specific methylation signatures is of fundamental and practical interest for risk(More)
High-throughput DNA methylation arrays are likely to accelerate the pace of methylation biomarker discovery for a wide variety of diseases. A potential problem with a standard set of probes measuring the methylation status of CpG sites across the whole genome is that many sites may not show inter-individual methylation variation among the biosamples for the(More)
Phosphorylation is the most widely studied posttranslational modification (PTM) and is an important regulatory mechanism used during cellular responses to external stimuli. The kinases and phosphatases that regulate protein phosphorylation are known to be affected in many human diseases. Cigarette smoking causes cardiovascular disease (CVD). Endothelial(More)
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