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BACKGROUND Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common cause of leg pain and swelling and is commonly associated with varicose veins. It has significant socioeconomic consequences and is among the most common problems encountered in surgical practice. Although our current understanding of the pathogenesis of CVI is far from clear, there is a growing body(More)
Our objective was to determine whether lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) regulates cardiomyocyte apoptosis, the mechanisms involved, and the functional significance. Emerging evidence suggests that Lcn2 is a proinflammatory adipokine associated with insulin resistance and obesity-related complications, such as heart failure. Here, we used both primary neonatal rat(More)
Activation of hepatic stellate cells is the key event in the liver fibrosis. miRs have been shown to play fundamental role in diverse biological and pathological processes. In the present study, we investigated the fibrogenic role of miR-21 in human hepatic stellate LX-2 cells and explored underlying mechanisms. The results showed that treatment of LX-2(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is an important inflammatory factor produced by activated macrophages and monocytes and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). To evaluate the effect of TNF-α signaling suppression and the potential of TNF-α in the treatment of DPN, a recombinant human TNF-α receptor-antibody(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal disease among gynecologic malignancies. Despite increasing knowledge of ovarian cancer biology and advances in treatment efficacy, the survival rate of patients with EOC has not improved over the past two decades. Patients with an advanced disease often relapse due to the development of chemoresistance.(More)
Propofol is a short-acting anesthetic and generally is utilized for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia in pediatrics and adults. However, whether repeated use of propofol affects long-term cognitive function remains unclear. This study investigated the effects of propofol on cognitive function and hippocampal neuroapoptosis in neonatal rat. A total(More)
An increase in epithelial cell permeability has been proposed to contribute to phosgene-induced acute lung injury (ALI). However, no specific and effective means for blocking increases in permeability are currently available. Cell-based therapy using bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is an attractive new approach. Canonical wnt/β-catenin(More)
The apoptosis of cartilage endplates (CEPs), acting as an initiating factor, plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of intervertebral disc degenerative diseases, the underlying molecular mechanism of the apoptotic process in CEPs is still not clear. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism of CEP cell apoptosis. We found that low levels of fetal(More)
Radioresistance is one of the main reasons for the failure of radiotherapy in lung cancer. The aim of this study was to establish a radiation-resistant lung cancer cell line, to evaluate whether CpG oligodeoxyribonucleotide (CpG-ODN) 7909 could increase its radiosensitivity and to explore the relevant mechanisms. The radioresistant cell line, referred to as(More)
Endoglin and activin receptor-like kinase 1 are specialized transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) superfamily receptors, primarily expressed in endothelial cells. Mutations in the corresponding ENG or ACVRL1 genes lead to hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT1 and HHT2 respectively). To discover proteins interacting with endoglin, ACVRL1 and TGF-β(More)