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Activation of hepatic stellate cells is the key event in the liver fibrosis. miRs have been shown to play fundamental role in diverse biological and pathological processes. In the present study, we investigated the fibrogenic role of miR-21 in human hepatic stellate LX-2 cells and explored underlying mechanisms. The results showed that treatment of LX-2(More)
Our objective was to determine whether lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) regulates cardiomyocyte apoptosis, the mechanisms involved, and the functional significance. Emerging evidence suggests that Lcn2 is a proinflammatory adipokine associated with insulin resistance and obesity-related complications, such as heart failure. Here, we used both primary neonatal rat(More)
AIM To investigate whether multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) was responsible for drug resistence in refractory epilepsy in amygdale kindling rats. METHODS Rat amygdale kindling was used as a model of refractory epilepsy. The expression of MRP1 mRNA and protein in the brains was examined using RT-PCR and Western blot. MRP1-positive cells in(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common cause of leg pain and swelling and is commonly associated with varicose veins. It has significant socioeconomic consequences and is among the most common problems encountered in surgical practice. Although our current understanding of the pathogenesis of CVI is far from clear, there is a growing body(More)
Phosgene (CG) is an industrial chemical used to make plastics, rubbers, dyestuff, and pesticides. Although the inhalation of CG is relatively uncommon, its accidental exposure can lead to acute lung injury (ALI). Ulinastatin, a urinary trypsin inhibitor, has been emerged to use for the treatment of acute inflammatory state of a number of organs including(More)
Advanced ovarian cancer is a devastating disease. Gaining biomarkers of early detection during ovarian tumorigenesis may lead to earlier diagnosis and better therapeutic strategies. Cystatin B (CSTB) functions as an inhibitor to suppress intracellular cysteine proteases and has been implicated in several types of cancers. The present study explored the(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is an important inflammatory factor produced by activated macrophages and monocytes and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). To evaluate the effect of TNF-α signaling suppression and the potential of TNF-α in the treatment of DPN, a recombinant human TNF-α receptor-antibody(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal disease among gynecologic malignancies. Despite increasing knowledge of ovarian cancer biology and advances in treatment efficacy, the survival rate of patients with EOC has not improved over the past two decades. Patients with an advanced disease often relapse due to the development of chemoresistance.(More)
An increase in epithelial cell permeability has been proposed to contribute to phosgene-induced acute lung injury (ALI). However, no specific and effective means for blocking increases in permeability are currently available. Cell-based therapy using bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is an attractive new approach. Canonical wnt/β-catenin(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have shown that multidrug transporters, such as P-glycoprotein (PGP), are involved in cell resistance to chemotherapy and refractory epilepsy. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway may increase PGP activity. However, p38-mediated drug resistance associated with PGP is unclear. Here, we investigated(More)