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Carbon subsidy is an important measure for the government to encourage enterprises to reduce carbon emission. This paper analyzes the impact of carbon subsidy on remanufacturing closed-loop supply chain (RCLSC). We explore the profits and the carbon emission quantities of three types of a supply chain: forward supply chain, remanufacturing closed-loop(More)
—In order to improve the service provider profit, the pricing strategies in service network have been studied, but primarily in static pricing setting without considering different quality of service (QoS) levels. However, in real situation, providers usually dynamically adjust their prices and offer multiple class services to meet different customers.(More)
Remanufacturing is an effective means to realize energy saving and emission reduction. This paper develops an evolutionary game model with a two-echelon closed-loop supply chain to study evolutionary stable strategies (ESS) of manufacturers and retailers. Through analyzing evolutionary path of the game, we find that there are two possible evolutionary(More)
It is recognized widely that the electric vehicle is of vast potential as an environment-friendly traffic tool. And the construction of the charging and battery swap stations is of critical importance for popularizing it. However, the deployment of the charging station is far from mature even though the construction is being undertaken in some cities. In(More)