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Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are the most common known cause of Parkinson's disease (PD). Whether loss of LRRK2 function accounts for neurodegeneration of dopamine neurons in PD is not known, nor is it known whether LRRK2 kinase activity modulates the susceptibility of dopamine (DA) neurons to the selective dopaminergic toxin,(More)
PURPOSE To assess the brain maturation of preterm infants using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and enhanced T2 star weighted angiography (ESWAN). MATERIALS AND METHODS Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), DTI and ESWAN were performed in 60 preterm infants and 21 term controls. 60 preterm infants were subgrouped to two groups according to the age(More)
A triglyceride lipase gene LIP1 was identified in the genome of Fusarium graminearum strain PH-1. The predicted protein encoded by LIP1 contains 591 amino acid residues with a putative N-terminal signal peptide and shows 57 and 40-44 % identity to a Botrytis cinerea lipase and five Candida rugosa lipases, respectively. Yeast cells overexpressing LIP1 showed(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of death from cancer in the United States. Colorectal cancers have a prolonged latency following initiation that may span decades providing ample time for implementing a chemoprevention strategy that could block or reverse the progression to CRC. Cdk4 pathway alterations have been linked to a number of(More)
Hyperglycemia in diabetic mothers enhances the risk of fetal cardiac hypertrophy during gestation. However, the mechanism of high-glucose-induced cardiac hypertrophy is not largely understood. In this study, we first demonstrated that the incidence rate of cardiac hypertrophy dramatically increased in fetuses of diabetic mothers using color ultrasound(More)
Wacker-type oxidative cyclization reactions have been the subject of extensive research for several decades, but few systematic mechanistic studies of these reactions have been reported. The present study features experimental and DFT computational studies of Pd(OAc)(2)/pyridine-catalyzed intramolecular aerobic oxidative amination of alkenes. The data(More)
General Considerations. All commercially available compounds were used as received, and were purchased from Aldrich or Acros. 1 H and 13 C NMR spectra were recorded on Bruker AC-300 MHz spectrometers. 2 H NMR spectra was recorded on the Varian 500 MHz spectrometers. The chemical shifts (δ) are given in part per million relative to CDCl 3 (7.27 ppm for 1 H,(More)
Synthetic methods that achieve oxidative 1,2-difunctionalization of alkenes are very powerful in organic chemistry. Here we report the first examples of intermolecular Pd-catalyzed aminoacetoxylation of alkenes with phthalimide as the nitrogen source and PhI(OAc)2 as the stoichiometric oxidant and source of acetate. These reactions are highly regio- and(More)