Guosheng Cheng

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Graphene has been demonstrated in many biomedical applications and its potentials for neural interfacing. Emerging concerns on graphene, as a biomedical material, are its biocompatibility and how biologically targeted tissue/cells respond to it. Relatively few studies attempted to address the interactions of graphene or its derivatives with the(More)
One of the key goals in nerve tissue engineering is to develop new materials which cause less or no neuroinflammation. Despite the rapid advances of using graphene as a neural interface material, it still remains unknown whether graphene could provoke neuroinflammation or not, and whether and how the topographical features of graphene influence the(More)
Neural stem cell (NSC) based therapy provides a promising approach for neural regeneration. For the success of NSC clinical application, a scaffold is required to provide three-dimensional (3D) cell growth microenvironments and appropriate synergistic cell guidance cues. Here, we report the first utilization of graphene foam, a 3D porous structure, as a(More)
A label-free biosensor for electrical detection of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a highly sensitive and selective biomarker of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), is demonstrated using silicon nanowire (SiNW) based field-effect transistors (FETs). The FET devices were fabricated by a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) compatible top-down approach to(More)
One of the key challenges for neural tissue engineering is to exploit supporting materials with robust functionalities not only to govern cell-specific behaviors, but also to form functional neural network. The unique electrical and mechanical properties of graphene imply it as a promising candidate for neural interfaces, but little is known about the(More)
In a physically confined environment, interfacial interactions, symmetry breaking, structural frustration and confinement-induced entropy loss can play dominant roles in determining molecular organization. Here we present a systematic study of the confined assembly of silica-surfactant composite mesostructures within cylindrical nanochannels of varying(More)
Engineered topographical manipulation, a paralleling approach with conventional biochemical cues, has recently attracted the growing interests in utilizations to control stem cell fate. In this study, effects of topological parameters, pattern and size are emphasized on the proliferation and differentiation of adult neural stem cells (ANSCs). We fabricate(More)
2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag Gm Graphene, as an atomic-layer-thick 2D system, has triggered considerable research interests since the pioneer exfoliation preparation. It has been demonstrated that graphene has many unique electronic properties, such as massless Dirac fermions, the quantum hall effect, and spin-dependent transport at room temperature. The high(More)
We develop graphene-based devices fabricated by alternating current dielectrophoresis (ac-DEP) for highly sensitive nitric oxide (NO) gas detection. The novel device comprises the sensitive channels of palladium-decorated reduced graphene oxide (Pd-RGO) and the electrodes covered with chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown graphene. The highly sensitive,(More)
In this paper, three complex fuzzy reasoning schemes: Principal Axis, Phase Parameter and Concurrence reasoning scheme are introduced. These reasoning schemes maybe sustain to develop practical applications for complex fuzzy logic and complex fuzzy reasoning methods. A variety of conjunction operators and implication operators may be selected to compose the(More)