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The three deleted in liver cancer genes (DLC1-3) encode Rho-GTPase-activating proteins (RhoGAPs) whose expression is frequently down-regulated or silenced in a variety of human malignancies. The RhoGAP activity is required for full DLC-dependent tumor suppressor activity. Here we report that DLC1 and DLC3 bind to human tensin1 and its chicken homolog. The(More)
The deleted in liver cancer 1 (DLC1) tumor suppressor gene, which is frequently inactivated in cancer, encodes a Rho-GAP (GTPase activating protein) focal adhesion protein whose negative regulation of Rho-GTPases is necessary but not sufficient for its full tumor suppressor activity. Here, we report that DLC1 forms a complex with two prooncogenic focal(More)
We investigated miRNA expression changes associated with stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS) in primary cultures of human diploid fibroblast (HDF) and human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. Twenty-five miRNAs were identified by miRNA microarray analysis and their changes in expression were validated by TaqMan real-time RT-PCR in three independent(More)
Inflammation in the brain has increasingly been recognized to play an important role in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Inflammation-mediated neurodegeneration involves activation of the brain's resident immune cells, the microglia, which produce proinflammatory and neurotoxic(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the role of miR-29b on the changes in expression of genes involved in the synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) induced by chronic oxidative stress in human trabecular meshwork cells (HTM). METHODS Changes in gene expression induced by miR-29b in HTM cells were evaluated by gene array analysis using Affymetrix(More)
Cyclic mechanical stress (CMS) leads to alterations of cellular functions in the trabecular meshwork (TM), including the up-regulation of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1), that can potentially contribute to the pathogenesis of glaucoma. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to play important roles in many biological functions, little is known about(More)
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra. Accumulating evidence supports the notion that neuroinflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. Valproate (VPA) has long been used for the treatment of seizures and bipolar mood disorder. In(More)
PURPOSE We explored the clinical usefulness of serum carbonic anhydrase 9 as a potential biomarker for conventional renal cell cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study included 91 patients with conventional renal cell cancer and 32 healthy individuals. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the carbonic anhydrase 9 level. A followup (median(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine adrenal invasion by renal cell carcinoma (RCC), particularly by adrenal micrometastasis, to determine whether adrenalectomy should be performed during radical nephrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS From 1987 to 1994, 129 patients with RCC (90 men and 39 women, mean age 61.4 years, range 22-81) underwent radical nephrectomy with associated(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the alterations in microRNA (miRNA) expression during replicative senescence (RS) in human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. METHODS Two HTM cell lines were serially passaged until they reached RS. Changes in expression of 30 miRNAs were assessed by real-time quantitative (q)-PCR. The effects of miR-146a on gene expression were(More)