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BACKGROUND Radiation-crosslinked UHMWPE has been used for joint implants since the 1990s. Postirradiation remelting enhances oxidative stability, but with some loss in strength and toughness. Vitamin E-stabilized crosslinked UHMWPE has shown improved strength and stability as compared with irradiated and remelted UHMWPE. With more active phenolic hydroxyl… (More)
Nanocomposite hydrogels with unprecedented stretchability, toughness, and self-healing have been developed by in situ polymerization of acrylamide with the presence of exfoliated montmorillonite (MMT) layers as noncovalent cross-linkers. The exfoliated MMT clay nanoplatelets with high aspect ratios, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and… (More)
An interpenetrating network (IPN) strategy has been widely facilitated to construct strong and tough hydrogels, but most of the efforts have been focused on organic/organic networks. Herein, aqueous dispersible 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)-diethanethiol (EDDET) cross-linked graphene oxide (E-cGO) skeleton was in situ incorporated into a PVA matrix, resulting in… (More)
Multi-stimuli responsive hydrogels are synthesized using self-assembled nanomicelles of Pluronic F127 diacrylate triblock copolymer as non-covalent macro-crosslinkers to in situ copolymerize with acrylamide and methyl chloride quaternized N,N-dimethylamino ethylacrylate monomers, generating positively charged hydrogels. These hydrogels showed high strength,… (More)
Multiresponsive polyelectrolyte hydrogels with extraordinary toughness have great potential in soft device applications. Previously we have demonstrated a series of tough and multiresponsive hydrogels by using multifunctional triblock copolymer (Pluronic F127 diacrylate, F127DA) micelles to cross-link cationic polyelectrolyte chains into 3D network. Herein,… (More)
In this paper, we introduce a novel two-stage denoising method for the removal of random-valued impulse noise (RVIN) in images. The first stage of our algorithm applies an impulse-noise detection routine that is a refinement of the HEIND algorithm and is very accurate in identifying the location of the noisy pixels. The second stage is an image inpainting… (More)
A versatile ion release mediated by GDL is demonstrated to achieve a controlled homogeneous crosslinking of alginate chains, which is critical for the synthesis of highly stretchable and notch-insensitive hybrid hydrogels with controlled properties.