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BACKGROUND Although patients with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury have a high risk of developing posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), the role of meniscus hypertrophy and mineralization in PTOA after an ACL injury remains unknown. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS The purpose of this study was to determine if menisci respond to abnormal loading and if an ACL(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are responsible for new bone formation during adulthood. Accumulating evidences showed that Osthole promotes the osteogenic differentiation in primary osteoblasts. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Osthole exhibits a potential to stimulate the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to investigate how Osthole affects glioma cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration. METHODS Rat glioma cells were treated with different concentrations of Osthole (0 µM, 25 µM, 50 µM, and 100 µM). Cell proliferation was assessed by measuring PCNA expression and CCK8 assay at different time points. Apoptosis(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cartilage destruction is thought to be the major mediator of osteoarthritis. Recent studies suggest that inhibition of subchrondral bone loss by anti-osteoporosis (OP) drug can protect cartilige erosion. Osthole, as a promising agent for treating osteoporosis, may show potential in treating osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of inhibition and activation of MAPK-ERK1/2 pathway on the expression of osteogenic genes and proliferation of rat osteoblasts in vitro. METHODS Primarily cultured rat osteoblasts, identified by cell morphology studies and ALP staining, were exposed to 1% or 5% rat serum for 24 h or to the specific MAPK-ERK1/2 inhibitor(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of calycosin‑7‑O‑β‑D‑glucoside (CG) on ischemia‑reperfusion (I/R) injury in vivo. Hemodynamic parameters, including ejection fraction (EF), fractional shortening (FS), left ventricular end‑systolic pressure (LVESP) and left ventricular end‑diastolic pressure (LVEDP) were monitored(More)
To determine the role of Indian hedgehog (Ihh) signaling in human cartilage endplate (CEP) degeneration. CEP-degenerated tissues from patients with Modic I or II changes (n = 9 and 45, respectively) and normal tissues from vertebral burst fracture patients (n = 17) were collected. Specimens were either cut into slices for organ culture ex vivo or digested(More)
A comprehensive, geometrically accurate, nonlinear C0-T1 three-dimensional finite element (FE) model was developed for the biomechanical study of human cervical spine and related disorders. The model was developed with anatomic detail from the computed tomography (CT) images of a 46-year-old female healthy volunteer, and applied the finite element model(More)
Biomechanics plays a critical role in the modulation of chondrocyte function. The mechanisms by which mechanical loading is transduced into intracellular signals that regulate chondrocyte gene expression remain largely unknown. Histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) is specifically expressed in chondrocytes. Mice lacking HDAC4 display chondrocyte hypertrophy,(More)
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