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5-methylcytosine is a major epigenetic modification that is sometimes called "the fifth nucleotide." However, our knowledge of how offspring inherit the DNA methylome from parents is limited. We generated nine single-base resolution DNA methylomes, including zebrafish gametes and early embryos. The oocyte methylome is significantly hypomethylated compared(More)
The reprogramming of parental methylomes is essential for embryonic development. In mammals, paternal 5-methylcytosines (5mCs) have been proposed to be actively converted to oxidized bases. These paternal oxidized bases and maternal 5mCs are believed to be passively diluted by cell divisions. By generating single-base resolution, allele-specific DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Passive immunization with human H5 antisera or H5-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) has potential as an effective treatment for acute H5N1 influenza virus infection, but its efficacy against antigenically diverse H5N1 viruses is unconfirmed. METHODS Cross-protection against antigenically diverse H5N1 strains with H5-specific MAbs, generated(More)
Maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is essential for the formation of a new individual, but is still poorly understood despite recent progress in analysis of gene expression and DNA methylation in early embryogenesis. Dynamic histone modifications may have important roles in MZT, but direct measurements of chromatin states have been hindered by technical(More)
Three new ent-kaurane diterpenes, 3α-angeloyloxy-17-hydroxy-ent-kaur-15-en-19-oic acid (1), 3α-tigloyloxy-17-hydroxy-ent-kaur-15-en-19-oic acid (2) and 3α-cinnamoyloxykaur-9(11),16-dien-19-oic acid (3), along with five known compounds (4-8), were isolated from the herbs of Wedelia prostrata (Asteraceae). The structures were determined by extensive analysis(More)
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