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Binding of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) to highly purified short side-chain porcine gastric mucin similar to human MUC6 type has been studied by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy (UV-vis), ultrafiltration isothermal titration microcalorimetry (ITC) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The thermodynamic equilibrium of EGCG binding to(More)
A number of mathematical models have been proposed for predicting skin permeability, mostly empirical and very few are deterministic. Early empirical models use simple lipophilicity parameters. The recent trend is to use more complicated molecular structure descriptors. There has been much debate on which models best predict skin permeability. This article(More)
Emulsions are commonly used in foods, pharmaceuticals and home-personal-care products. For emulsion based products, it is highly desirable to control the droplet size distribution to improve storage stability, appearance and in-use property. We report preparation of uniform-sized silicone oil microemulsions with different droplets diameters (1.4-40.0 μm)(More)
Silicone oil droplets have limited deposition on hair due to electrostatic repulsion with negative surface charge of hair substrates. Aiming to improve silicone deposition on hair substrates, surface properties of uniform-sized silicone oil droplets (produced by membrane emulsification) were modified using layer-by-layer electrostatic deposition. By using(More)
The binding property of a number of relatively hydrophilic solutes to native and delipidized stratum corneum (SC) and their partition coefficients to extracted lipid have been measured by equilibration experiments to expand the current database which consisted of mostly hydrophobic solutes. Using the extended database, quantitative structure property(More)
To develop in-silico model for predicting percutaneous absorption and disposition kinetics of chemicals in skin layers so as to facilitate the design of transdermal drug delivery systems and skin care products, and risk assessment of occupational or consumer exposure. A general-purpose computer model for simulating skin permeation, absorption and(More)
Understanding the permeation of hydrophilic molecules is of relevance to many applications including transdermal drug delivery, skin care as well as risk assessment of occupational, environmental, or consumer exposure. This paper reviews recent advances in modeling skin permeability of hydrophilic solutes, including quantitative structure-permeability(More)
We present a compact model describing the laminar flow of viscous multiphase fluids in micro-channel networks. We apply this model to the flow of 2 immiscible fluids representing typically oil and water, in a network of micro-channels comprising one inlet for each fluid splitting into 2 branches meeting at a T-junction, where the 2 phases are combined(More)
Problem statement The problem posed to the Study Group was to construct models for consumer behaviour that might be useful in tools for brand management in markets for fast-moving consumer goods. Such models must take into account various psychological and sociological factors that describe respectively how consumers are influenced by what is on sale and(More)
Models of the outer epithelia of the human body - namely the skin, the intestine and the lung - have found valid applications in both research and industrial settings as attractive alternatives to animal testing. A variety of approaches to model these barriers are currently employed in such fields, ranging from the utilization of ex vivo tissue to(More)