Karen L Marquis3
Steve Grauer3
Rachel Navarra3
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Estrogens have long been implicated in influencing cognitive processes, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects and the roles of the estrogen receptors alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta) remain unclear. Using pharmacological, biochemical and behavioral techniques, we demonstrate that the effects of estrogen on hippocampal synaptic plasticity(More)
Positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5) enhance N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor function and may represent a novel approach for the treatment of schizophrenia. ADX47273 [S-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-{3-[3-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-[1,2,4]oxadiazol-5-yl]-piperidin-1-yl}-methanone], a recently identified potent and selective(More)
One of the most recently identified serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)) receptor subtypes is the 5-HT6 receptor. Although in-depth localization studies reveal an exclusive distribution of 5-HT6 mRNA in the central nervous system, the precise biological role of this receptor still remains unknown. In the present series of experiments, we report the(More)
Activation of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (Gsk3beta) has been shown to be a key component in signaling pathways that underlie neurodegeneration and neurodegenerative disease. Conversely, inactivation of Gsk3beta by phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt is an important neuroprotective mechanism. Previous studies have shown that agonist activation of group(More)
Myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) can induce altered expression of microRNAs (miRNAs). The miRNAs—miR-15a, miR-15b and miR-16 have been shown to play a role in apoptosis, although not in cardiac-related models. We investigated the roles of miR-15b in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. Quantitative real time polymerase chain(More)
Positive allosteric modulators of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5) have promising therapeutic potential. The effects of selective mGlu5 receptor positive allosteric modulators on signaling molecules in brain slices have not been previously reported. The current study demonstrated that the selective mGlu5 receptor positive allosteric(More)
Gankyrin is an important oncoprotein that is overexpressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the gradual alteration of Gankyrin in successive stages during human HCC development and the mechanism of Gankyrin-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis remain largely unknown. In this study, we evaluated the pattern and level of Gankyrin protein expression(More)
Recent studies have reported that estrogen has antidepressant-like effects in animal models. In this study we used the highly selective ER beta agonist, WAY-200070, to examine the role of ER beta activation on brain neurochemistry and activity in antidepressant and anxiolytic models in male mice. Within 15 min of administration, WAY-200070 (30 mg/kg s.c.)(More)
Neurotrophins (NTs) induce gene transcription by binding their high-affinity tropomyosin-related kinase (Trk) receptors and initiating intracellular signal transduction cascades. In particular, activation of the cyclic AMP response element (CRE) in the promoters of target genes serves as surrogate markers for Trk receptor activation as demonstrated in both(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the changes of multifocal electroretinograms (mfERG) before and after retinal detachment surgery and to evaluate its clinical significance. METHODS Twenty-three patients (23 eyes) with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment underwent mfERG before and after surgery. The latencies and average response densities of N(1)-wave and P(1)-wave of(More)