Learn More
Positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5) enhance N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor function and may represent a novel approach for the treatment of schizophrenia. ADX47273 [S-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-{3-[3-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-[1,2,4]oxadiazol-5-yl]-piperidin-1-yl}-methanone], a recently identified potent and selective(More)
Estrogens have long been implicated in influencing cognitive processes, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects and the roles of the estrogen receptors alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta) remain unclear. Using pharmacological, biochemical and behavioral techniques, we demonstrate that the effects of estrogen on hippocampal synaptic plasticity(More)
One of the most recently identified serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)) receptor subtypes is the 5-HT6 receptor. Although in-depth localization studies reveal an exclusive distribution of 5-HT6 mRNA in the central nervous system, the precise biological role of this receptor still remains unknown. In the present series of experiments, we report the(More)
Activation of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (Gsk3beta) has been shown to be a key component in signaling pathways that underlie neurodegeneration and neurodegenerative disease. Conversely, inactivation of Gsk3beta by phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt is an important neuroprotective mechanism. Previous studies have shown that agonist activation of group(More)
Positive allosteric modulators of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5) have promising therapeutic potential. The effects of selective mGlu5 receptor positive allosteric modulators on signaling molecules in brain slices have not been previously reported. The current study demonstrated that the selective mGlu5 receptor positive allosteric(More)
Recent studies have reported that estrogen has antidepressant-like effects in animal models. In this study we used the highly selective ER beta agonist, WAY-200070, to examine the role of ER beta activation on brain neurochemistry and activity in antidepressant and anxiolytic models in male mice. Within 15 min of administration, WAY-200070 (30 mg/kg s.c.)(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the regulatory effect of gammadelta T cells in the activation of IL-17+ uveitogenic T cells. METHODS The authors administered the gammadelta TCR-specific antibody GL3 to B6 mice before or after antigen immunization and examined Th1- or Th17-polarized T-cell responses. The intensity of Th17 responses was also examined in responder T(More)
By combining scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, and density functional theory band calculations, we directly observe and resolve the one-dimensional edge states of single bilayer (BL) Bi(111) islands on clean Bi(2)Te(3) and Bi(111)-covered Bi(2)Te(3) substrates. The edge states are localized in the(More)
Myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) can induce altered expression of microRNAs (miRNAs). The miRNAs—miR-15a, miR-15b and miR-16 have been shown to play a role in apoptosis, although not in cardiac-related models. We investigated the roles of miR-15b in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. Quantitative real time polymerase chain(More)
Gankyrin is an important oncoprotein that is overexpressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the gradual alteration of Gankyrin in successive stages during human HCC development and the mechanism of Gankyrin-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis remain largely unknown. In this study, we evaluated the pattern and level of Gankyrin protein expression(More)