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This review article discusses recent progress on the use of teratocarcinoma-derived Ntera2/D1 neuron-like cells (NT2N cells, also called hNT cells) as graft source for cell transplantation in stroke. Laboratory evidence has demonstrated the therapeutic potential of NT2N cells in stroke therapy. Phase I and II clinical trials have shown the cells'(More)
To study genetic diversity and drug resistance of HIV-1 CRF_BC among drug users in Guangdong Province, 67 circulating recombinant form 07_BC (CRF_07BC) and 32 circulating recombinant form 08_BC(CRF_08BC) HIV-1 pol genes were amplified and sequenced. In the protease gene region (PR), 31 CRF_08BC isolates were amplified and 10 high polymorphism positions were(More)
Minocycline, a second-generation tetracycline with anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties, has been shown to promote therapeutic benefits in experimental stroke. However, equally compelling evidence demonstrates that the drug exerts variable and even detrimental effects in many neurological disease models. Assessment of the mechanism underlying(More)
We monitored alterations in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) and intrastriatal transplantation of mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) or saline infusion in adult Sprague-Dawley rats. Laser Doppler and Evans Blue assay revealed that BMSC grafts dose-dependently restored(More)
We examined in the present study alterations in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability following intrastriatal transplantation of mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) or saline infusion in adult Sprague-Dawley rats. Laser Doppler revealed that transplanted animals exhibited near normal cerebral blood flow (CBF, 150 perfusion(More)
Stroke remains a major cause of death in the US and around the world. Over the last decade, stem cell therapy has been introduced as an experimental treatment for stroke. Transplantation of stem cells or progenitors into the injured site to replace the nonfunctional cells, and enhancement of proliferation or differentiation of endogenous stem or progenitor(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) possess high potencies of self-renewal and neuronal differentiation. We explored here whether transplantation of human NSCs cloned by v-myc gene transfer, HB1.F3 cells, is a feasible therapeutic option for Parkinson's disease. In vivo, green fluorescent protein-labeled HB1.F3 cells (200,000 viable cells in 3 microl of PBS) when(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the different effects of an angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor antagonist, losartan, and an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, fosinopril, on cardiomyocyte apoptosis, myocardial fibrosis, and angiotensin II (Ang II) in the left ventricle of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). METHODS SHRs of 16-week-old were(More)
Children born with hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury account for a significant number of live births wherein no clinical treatment is available. Limited clinical trials of stem cell therapy have been initiated in a number-of neurological disorders, but the preclinical evidence of a cell-based therapy for neonatal HI injury remains in its infancy. One major(More)
BACKGROUND Ceramide is involved in apoptosis, inflammation, and stress responses, which are among the pathogenic components of chronic heart failure (CHF). However, no one has documented the levels of ceramide itself in CHF or determined its potential prognostic value. METHODS In this study we recruited patients with heart failure consecutively from the(More)