Guolong Yu

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Neural stem cells (NSCs) possess high potencies of self-renewal and neuronal differentiation. We explored here whether transplantation of human NSCs cloned by v-myc gene transfer, HB1.F3 cells, is a feasible therapeutic option for Parkinson's disease. In vivo, green fluorescent protein-labeled HB1.F3 cells (200,000 viable cells in 3 microl of PBS) when(More)
BACKGROUND Minocycline, a second-generation tetracycline with anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties, has been shown to promote therapeutic benefits in experimental stroke. However, equally compelling evidence demonstrates that the drug exerts variable and even detrimental effects in many neurological disease models. Assessment of the mechanism(More)
We monitored alterations in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) and intrastriatal transplantation of mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) or saline infusion in adult Sprague-Dawley rats. Laser Doppler and Evans Blue assay revealed that BMSC grafts dose-dependently restored(More)
This review article discusses recent progress on the use of teratocarcinoma-derived Ntera2/D1 neuron-like cells (NT2N cells, also called hNT cells) as graft source for cell transplantation in stroke. Laboratory evidence has demonstrated the therapeutic potential of NT2N cells in stroke therapy. Phase I and II clinical trials have shown the cells'(More)
We examined in the present study alterations in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability following intrastriatal transplantation of mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) or saline infusion in adult Sprague-Dawley rats. Laser Doppler revealed that transplanted animals exhibited near normal cerebral blood flow (CBF, 150 perfusion(More)
Nurr1 has been implicated as a transcription factor mediating the endogenous neuroprotective mechanism against stroke. We examined the in vivo and in vitro properties of a new human embryonic carcinoma Ntera-2 cell line carrying the human Nurr1 gene (NT2N.Nurr1). Adult Sprague-Dawley rats underwent experimental stroke initially and 14 days later were(More)
This study assessed the potential of intravenous transplantation of human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) CD34+ cells transfected with glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) gene to exert therapeutic benefits in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) exposed to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). SHR with MCAO were randomly assigned to(More)
We exposed adult Rhesus (Macaca mulatta) to a transient global ischemia, which was induced by clipping the innominate and subclavian arteries that originated from the aortic arch. NHP1 received 20-min, while NHP2 and NHP3, were exposed to a 15-min transient global ischemia and were euthanized at day 1 (NHP1), day 5 (NHP2) or day 30 (NHP3) after ischemia,(More)
Laboratory and clinical studies have shown that intracerebral transplantation of carotid body (CB) cells ameliorate Parkinsonian deficits. The recent clinical study by Arjona and colleagues indicated that CB autograft transplantation is a relatively simple, safe, and viable treatment for PD patients. In particular, Espejo and colleagues demonstrated that(More)
Recent laboratory and clinical studies demonstrate therapeutic efficacy of intracerebral transplantation of carotid body (CB) in Parkinson's disease, possibly through secretion of neurotrophic factors. Here, we examined the role of CB in experimental stroke. In the first experiment, we hypothesized that removal of CB would exacerbate cerebral infarction and(More)