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BACKGROUND Chronic neuropathic pain is an intractable pain with few effective treatments. Moderate cold stimulation can relieve pain, and this may be a novel train of thought for exploring new methods of analgesia. Transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) ion channel has been proposed to be an important molecular sensor for cold. Here we(More)
A large number of experimental and clinical studies have confirmed that brief remifentanil exposure can enhance pain sensitivity presenting as opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists have been reported to inhibit morphine analgesic tolerance in many studies. Recently, we found that glycogen synthase kinase-3β(More)
BACKGROUND Although NMDAR trafficking mediated by GSK-3β involvement in transmission of pronociceptive messages in the spinal cord has been confirmed by our previous studies, whether NMDAR trafficking is implicated in peripheral sensitization remains equivocal. It is demonstrated that inflammation is associated with spinal NMDAR-containing nociceptive(More)
Recently, hydrogen gas (H₂) is reported to be a new therapeutic agent in organ damage induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). The present study was designed to investigate the beneficial effects of H₂ against spinal cord I/R injury and its associated mechanisms. Spinal cord ischemia was induced by infrarenal aortic occlusion for 20 min in male New Zealand(More)
We previously reported that propofol (20 mg/kg/h) post-conditioning provided acute (up to 24 h) neuroprotection in rats with transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. In this study, we extend these data by examining long-term protection and exploring underlying mechanisms involving AMPA receptor GluR2 subunit internalization. Rats were treated with(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether propofol could provide postconditioning to ischemic brain injury and the role of phosphoinositide-3-kinase/Akt (PI3K/Akt) pathway in this phenomenon. Rats underwent 2 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by 22 h of reperfusion were randomly divided into nine groups (n=15 each): sham-operated(More)
Oxidative damage plays a critical role in many diseases of the central nervous system. This study was conducted to determine the molecular mechanisms involved in the putative anti-oxidative effects of sevoflurane against experimental stroke. Focal cerebral ischemia was performed via 1h of middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion. At the(More)
BACKGROUND Although remifentanil provides perfect analgesia during surgery, postoperative hyperalgesia after remifentanil administration might be a challenge to anesthesiologists. The trafficking and activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors have a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of remifentanil-induced postoperative hyperalgesia.(More)
Working memory (WM) refers to the temporary storage and manipulation of information necessary for performance of complex cognitive tasks. There is a growing interest in whether and how propofol anesthesia inhibits WM function. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible inhibition mechanism of propofol anesthesia based on the functional connections(More)
During the development of sepsis, the complication in central nervous system (CNS), appearing early and frequently relative to other systems, can obviously increase the mortality of sepsis. Moreover, sepsis survivors also accompany long-term cognitive dysfunction, while the ultimate causes and effective therapeutic strategies of brain injury in sepsis are(More)