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BACKGROUND The residual risk of hepatitis B is higher than for other markers such as human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus in nonendemic countries. Evaluating the potential for further risk reduction requires a better understanding of the relationship between donor selection criteria, immigration from endemic countries, and public health(More)
BACKGROUND Because Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) infection in Canada and the United States is largely contracted in endemic countries, targeted testing of blood donors with risk travel may improve safety. The operational validity of a travel question suitable for donor screening was tested, and it was field-tested. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS After 1331(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) rates have decreased steadily in first-time donors in Canada since testing was implemented but reasons are unclear. A description of factors that may have played a role in this decline is reported. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Descriptive analysis of first-time blood donors by HCV positivity status and year (1993--2006),(More)
Non-disclosure of deferrable risk has received little attention in the literature. We examined deferrable risk (history of intravenous drug use [IVDU]) and donor attitudes towards truthfulness, the screening process and interpretation of the screening question as well as risk profile. Donors negative for all markers with a self-reported history of IVDU (N =(More)
OBJECTIVES Using population prevalence data for deferrable diseases/conditions we estimated the Canadian population eligible to donate according to three upper-age limit scenarios. BACKGROUND The donor selection criteria limit the number of potential blood donors but relaxing the upper age criteria could mitigate this. METHODS AND MATERIALS Forty(More)
BACKGROUND In August 2005, the Canadian Blood Services decreased the deferral period for tattooing and ear or body piercing from 12 to 6 months. This study assessed the impact of this change on blood safety and availability. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The prevalence of these activities was assessed on an anonymous mail-out survey of 40,000 recent donors.(More)
OBJECTIVES Blood donors in Canada have been tested for Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV) since 1990. We report the epidemiology, risk factors and lookback/traceback of HTLV-positive donors/recipients. METHODS The annual HTLV rate was calculated from 1990 to 2010. Residual risk was estimated as the product of incidence and window period. Twenty-nine(More)
BACKGROUND In the mid-1980s, confidential unit exclusion (CUE) was implemented to permit donors unwilling to admit risk factors in screening to exclude their donation from transfusion. With changes in donor behaviour, epidemiology of disease and improvements in testing, many blood establishments have stopped using it. We evaluated its benefit in Canada, and(More)
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