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More and more images have been generated in digital form around the world. There is a growing interest in ÿnding images in large collections or from remote databases. In order to ÿnd an image, the image has to be described or represented by certain features. Shape is an important visual feature of an image. Searching for images using shape features has(More)
In order to improve the retrieval accuracy of content-based image retrieval systems, research focus has been shifted from designing sophisticated low-level feature extraction algorithms to reducing the 'semantic gap' between the visual features and the richness of human semantics. This paper attempts to provide a comprehensive survey of the recent technical(More)
Shape description is one of the key parts of image content description for image retrieval. Most of existing shape descriptors are usually either application dependent or non-robust, making them undesirable for generic shape description. In this paper, a generic Fourier descriptor (GFD) is proposed to overcome the drawbacks of existing shape representation(More)
Shape is one of the most important features in Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR). Many shape representations and retrieval methods exists. However, most of those methods either do not well represent shape or are difficult to do normalization (making matching hard). Among them, methods based Fourier descriptors (FD) achieve both well representation and(More)
The functional complexity of the rice transcriptome is not yet fully elucidated, despite many studies having reported the use of DNA microarrays. Next-generation DNA sequencing technologies provide a powerful approach for mapping and quantifying the transcriptome, termed RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). In this study, we applied RNA-seq to globally sample(More)
Nowadays, more and more images are available. However, to find a required image for an ordinary user is a challenging task. Large amount of researches on image retrieval have been carried out in the past two decades. Traditionally, research in this area focuses on content based image retrieval. However, recent research shows that there is a semantic gap(More)