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Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains (n = 194) representing 43 serotypes and E. coli K-12 were examined for clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) arrays to study genetic relatedness among STEC serotypes. A subset of the strains (n = 81) was further analyzed for subtype I-E cas and virulence genes to determine a(More)
A micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) method has been developed for simultaneous determination of 10 bioactive flavonoids: rutin, apigenin, luteolin, eriodictyol, kaempferol, chrysin, acacetin, flavanone, flavone, and fisetin. The effect of several parameters, such as UV detection wavelength, buffer pH, buffer concentration, sodium(More)
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) of serotype O157:H7 has been implicated in food-borne illnesses worldwide. An evolutionary model was proposed in which the highly pathogenic EHEC O157:H7 serotype arose from its ancestor, enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) O55:H7 (sorbitol fermenting [SOR(+)] and β-glucuronidase positive [GUD(+)]), through sequential(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the distribution of all genes known to be responsible for resistance to quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs), and their association with resistance to QACs and other antimicrobials, in Escherichia coli recovered from retail meats. METHODS A total of 570 strains of E. coli isolated from US retail meats in 2006 were screened for the(More)
Strains of enterohemorragic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 that are non-sorbitol fermenting (NSF) and β-glucuronidase negative (GUD(-)) carry a large virulence plasmid, pO157 (>90,000 bp), whereas closely related sorbitol-fermenting (SF) E. coli O157:H(-) strains carry plasmid pSFO157 (>120,000 bp). GUD(+) NSF O157:H7 strains are presumed to be precursors(More)
Salmonella Newport has ranked in the top three Salmonella serotypes associated with foodborne outbreaks from 1995 to 2011 in the United States. In the current study, we selected 26 S. Newport strains isolated from diverse sources and geographic locations and then conducted 454 shotgun pyrosequencing procedures to obtain 16-24 × coverage of high quality(More)
UNLABELLED Escherichia coli O26 is the second most important enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) serogroup worldwide. Serogroup O26 strains are categorized mainly into two groups: enteropathogenic (EPEC) O26, carrying a locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) and mostly causing mild diarrhea, and Shiga-toxigenic (STEC) O26, which carries the Shiga toxin (STX)(More)
Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains are emerging food-borne pathogens causing life-threatening diseases and food-borne outbreaks. A better understanding of their evolution provides a framework for developing tools to control food safety. We obtained 15 genomes of non-O157 STEC strains, including O26, O111, and O103 strains.(More)
Biofilms are surface-associated microbial communities, which are encased in self-synthesized extracellular environment. Biofilm formation may trigger drug resistance and inflammation, resulting in persistent infections. Haemophilus parasuis is the etiological agent of a systemic disease, Glässer's disease, characterized by fibrinous polyserositis, arthritis(More)