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BACKGROUND & AIMS During stress, erosion of protective intestinal mucus occurs in association with adherence to and disruption of the intestinal epithelial barrier by invading opportunistic microbial pathogens. The aims of this study were to test the ability of a high-molecular-weight polyethylene glycol compound, polyethylene glycol 15-20, to protect the(More)
An elusive goal for systemic drug delivery is to provide both spatial and temporal control of drug release. Liposomes have been evaluated as drug delivery vehicles for decades, but their clinical significance has been limited by slow release or poor availability of the encapsulated drug. Here we show that near-complete liposome release can be initiated(More)
The lipid membrane has been shown to mediate the fibrillogenesis and toxicity of Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide. Electrostatic interactions between Abeta40 and the phospholipid headgroup have been found to control the association and insertion of monomeric Abeta into lipid monolayers, where Abeta exhibited enhanced interactions with(More)
The mechanism by which poloxamer 188 (P188) seals a damaged cell membrane is examined using the lipid monolayer as a model system. X-ray reflectivity and grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction results show that at low nominal lipid density, P188, by physically occupying the available area and phase separating from the lipids, forces the lipid molecules to pack(More)
An intact cell membrane serves as a barrier, controlling the traffic of materials going into and out of the cell. When the integrity of the membrane is compromised, its transport barrier function is also disrupted, leaving the cell vulnerable to necrosis. It has been shown that triblock copolymer surfactants can help seal structurally damaged membranes,(More)
Using x-ray scattering measurements we have quantitatively determined the effect of poloxamer 188 (P188), a polymer known to seal damaged membranes, on the structure of lipid monolayers. P188 selectively inserts into low lipid-density regions of the membrane and "corrals" lipid molecules to pack tightly, leading to unexpected Bragg peaks at low nominal(More)
Liposomes show great promise as intravenous drug delivery vehicles, but it is often difficult to combine stability in the circulation with rapid, targeted release at the site of interest. Targeting to specific tissues requires developing highly specific ligands with strong affinities to receptors overexpressed on diseased cells; a new cellular target(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of topical application of leptin in promoting burn wound healing in rats. METHODS Four parallel second-degree burn wounds induced on the back of 18 Wistar rats were divided into leptin treatment group (treated with topical application of 400 ng/ml leptin dissolved in PBS) and control group (treated with PBS). The time(More)
Nanoparticles have opened new exciting avenues for both diagnostic and therapeutic applications in human disease, and targeted nanoparticles are increasingly used as specific drug delivery vehicles. The precise quantification of nanoparticle internalization is of importance to measure the impact of physical and chemical properties on the uptake of(More)