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A block normal mode (BNM) algorithm, originally proposed by Tama et al., (Proteins Struct. Func. Genet. 41:1-7, 2000) was implemented into the simulation program CHARMM. The BNM approach projects the hessian matrix into local translation/rotation basis vectors and, therefore, dramatically reduces the size of the matrix involved in diagonalization. In the(More)
[1] A two-moment bulk microphysical scheme has been implemented into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to investigate the aerosol-cloud interaction. The microphysical scheme calculates the mass mixing ratios and number concentrations of aerosols and five types of hydrometeors and accounts for various cloud processes including warm and mixed(More)
[1] Simulations of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) during an eight-day episode (24 to 31 August 2000) is conducted in association with the 2000 Texas Air Quality Study (TexAQS 2000) and the Houston Supersite Project using the EPA's Models-3 Community Multiscale Air Quality model (CMAQ). The mass concentrations of PM 2.5 and major chemical constituents(More)
The TiO2-montmorillonite (TiO2-MMT) complex was prepared by blending TiO2 sol and MMT with certain ratio, and its properties as an enzyme immobilization support were investigated. The pristine MMT and TiO2-MMT calcined at 800 °C (TiO2-MMT800) were used for comparison to better understand the immobilization mechanism. The structures of the pristine MMT,(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) containing alpha7 subunits are thought to assemble as homomers. alpha7-nAChR function has been implicated in learning and memory, and alterations of alpha7-nAChR have been found in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here we report findings consistent with a novel, naturally occurring nAChR subtype in rodent,(More)
Normal modes have been used to explore the inherent flexibility of the alpha, beta and gamma subunits of F(1)-ATPase in isolation and as part of the alpha(3)beta(3)gamma complex. It was found that the structural plasticity of the gamma and beta subunits, in particular, correlates with their functions. The N and C-terminal helices forming the coiled-coil(More)
This paper proposes a content-based audio information retrieval and indexing technique based on wavelet transform. The presented approach uses multiresolution decomposition property of the discrete wavelet transform to analyze audio data. The wavelet decomposition of an audio signal highly resembles to its decomposition in sound octaves. A hierarchical(More)
The structural flexibilities of two molecular machines, myosin and Ca(2+)-ATPase, have been analyzed with normal mode analysis and discussed in the context of their energy conversion functions. The normal mode analysis with physical intermolecular interactions was made possible by an improved implementation of the block normal mode (BNM) approach. The BNM(More)