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Speech corpus of Chinese discourse (ASCCD) was setup and annotated on segmental and prosodic and syntactic tiers. SAMPA-C and C-ToBI conventions are used for segmental and prosodic labeling. Sound variation such as assimilation, insertion and deletion are investigated on the labeled database. The prosodic research focuses on the sentence stress that(More)
Read and spontaneous discourses are two different but very significant speech styles to be investigated. So phonetic labeling on read and spontaneous discourse corpora are made one is ASCCD, a 10 hours read discourse corpus and the other is CASS, a 4 hours spontaneous discourse corpus. First the principles and conventions of transcription are presented.(More)
For a remanufacturing reverse logistics system, the buy-back policy was considered, i.e., the remanufacturing firm will purchase used products to remanufacture, which make firm control the return of used product. A single product two-stage inventory control problem with random supply and random demand was proposed. The joint optimal dynamic decision of(More)
An optimal control problem for collecting used products was considered in a reverse logistics system when a remanufacturing firm faced random arrivals and deterministic demands for used products. The remanufacturing firm purchased used products to remanufacture, which made firm control the returns of used products. Firstly, a multi-period inventory system(More)
In China, tobacco is a state-run monopoly and facing more fierece competition after entry to WTO. In the paper, a model of cigarette supply chain which is composed of the Tobacco Monopoly Administration and one cigarette retailer is considered. The Tobacco Monopoly Administration acts as the leader. There are two kinds of substitute cigarette products sold(More)
The importance of remanufacturing used products into new ones has been widely recognized in the literature and in practice. In this paper, a model with two competing manufacturers is discussed. In the forward logistics, the manufacturers face the demand with linear down-sloping functions. In the reverse logistics, each manufacturer need to determine whether(More)
The importance of remanufacturing used products into new ones has been widely recognized in the literature and in practice. In this paper, the coordination problem of supply chain with differentiated new and remanufactured product, composed of a single manufacturer and a single retailer, was considered. The optimal decisions of the manufacturer were got(More)
To get good understanding of prosody in continuous speech of Standard Chinese, we have collected large amount of speech in paragraph. 18 read discourse each contains 300-500 syllables are used as reading texts, which cover main discourse We are going effort on linguistic annotation. In This paper we report works reported as follows: One male speaker's(More)
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