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Direct somatic embryogenesis was successfully achieved from immature leaves of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) cultured on induction medium containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid or naphthaleneacetic acid. Changing the duration of induction or changing plant growth regulators resulted in differences in regeneration of somatic embryos or adventitious(More)
The physiological and anatomical attributes of haustoria tissues in hemi-parasitic Santalum album L. seedlings, growing on the potential host, Kuhnia rosmarnifolia Vent., were investigated before and after attachment to the host. Quantization of endogenous levels of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), zeatin (Z), zeatin riboside (ZR), GA-like substances (GAs) and(More)
Several studies have reported a strong association between high plasma level of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) and atherosclerosis development. However, the exact mechanism underlying this correlation is unknown. In the present study, we try to explore the impact of TMAO on endothelial dysfunction. After TMAO treatment, human umbilical vein endothelial cells(More)
An efficient propagation and regeneration system via direct shoot organogenesis for an endangered species, Metabriggsia ovalifolia, was established. High activity cytokinins [6-benzyladeneine (BA) and thidiazuron (TDZ)] and low activity auxins [α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)] could directly induce(More)
A novel protocol for callus-mediated shoot regeneration was established for an important medicinal and ornamental plant native to South China, Curcuma kwangsiensis, using shoot base sections excised from seedlings in vitro as explant sources. The frequency of callus formation reached 91% for explants cultured on MS medium containing 1.4 μM TDZ, 4.4 μM BA(More)
The induction of adventitious buds from apical shoot explants of Euphorbia tirucalli was studied. On average, 10.5 adventitious buds were efficiently induced in a ring on the segment from one apical explant on MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium supplemented with 0.5 mg l−1 thidiazuron and 0.5 mg l−1 benzylaminopurine. The adventitious buds could develop into(More)
Camellia nitidissima Chi (Theaceae) is a world-famous economic and ornamental plant with golden-yellow flowers. It has been classified as one of the rarest and most endangered plants in China. Our objective was to induce somatic embryogenesis, shoot organogenesis and plant regeneration for C. nitidissima. Three types of callus (whitish, reddish and(More)
Ochna integerrima is a medicinal and ornamental plant in Southeastern Asia. It has been listed as a rare and endangered species in China. Here we studied the effects of plant growth regulators and their concentrations on the induction of somatic embryogenesis and shoot organogenesis from leaf and shoot explants of O. integerrima for the first time.(More)
Primulina tabacum is a rare and endangered species that is endemic to China. Establishing an efficient regeneration system is necessary for its conservation and reintroduction. In this study, when leaf explants collected from plants grown in four ecotypes in China are incubated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 5.0 μM thidiazuron (TDZ) for 30(More)
Sustainable resource preservation of Santalum species that yield commercially important forest products is needed. This review provides an understanding of their basic biology, propagation, hemi-parasitic nature, reproductive biology, and biotechnology. Many species of the genus Santalum (Santalaceae) have been exploited unremittingly for centuries,(More)