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BACKGROUND The advent of genomics-based technologies has revolutionized many fields of biological enquiry. However, chromosome walking or flanking sequence cloning is still a necessary and important procedure to determining gene structure. Such methods are used to identify T-DNA insertion sites and so are especially relevant for organisms where large T-DNA(More)
Anthocyanidin reductase (ANR) is a key enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of proanthocyanidins (PAs) and plays a role in the plant stress response. However, the mechanism by which ANR confers stress tolerance in plants is not understood. Here, we report the isolation of RrANR, the homologous gene from rose, and NtABF, an ABA-response related transcription(More)
The single MYB-type protein, CAPRICE has long been thought to be a positive regulator of root hair development in Arabidopsis thaliana. To further probe the role of AtCPC and how conserved this role is across plant species, the AtCPC gene was constitutively overexpressed in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). Here, we show that flowers of transformants(More)
A bizarre virus-like symptom of a leaf rosette formed by dense small leaves on branches of wild roses (Rosa multiflora Thunb.), designated as 'wild rose leaf rosette disease' (WRLRD), was observed in China. To investigate the presumed causal virus, a wild rose sample affected by WRLRD was subjected to deep sequencing of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) for a(More)
This study describes a plant regeneration system for Rosa hybrida ‘Samantha’, a mainstream commercial cultivar, via direct somatic embryogenesis. Somatic embryogenesis was induced from in vitro-derived leaf explants, achieving a frequency of 7.5% following 8 weeks of culture on a Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 3.0 mg/L(More)
Tissue-specific promoters can drive genes specifically expressed in the target organs and have been widely used in plant molecular breeding. In this study, a 1.2-kb promoter region of an anther-specific gene PhLRR from Petunia hybrida “Fantasy” was isolated and fused to the β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene. The pPhLRR::GUS vector was heterogeneously transformed(More)
The potential for transgene dispersal through pollen, fruit, and seed is an important argument against the release of genetically modified plants. One approach toward addressing the concerns of gene flow from transgenic crops into closely related wild species involves in the use of tissue-specific promoters to engineer male and/or female sterility. In this(More)
Flower color is the main character throughout the plant kingdom. Though substantial information exists regarding the structural and regulatory genes involved in anthocyanin and flavonol biosynthesis, little is known that what make a diverse white vs. red color flower in natural species. Here, the contents of pigments in seven species from varied(More)
Odd traits in few of plant species usually implicate potential biology significances in plant evolutions. The genus Helwingia Willd, a dioecious medical shrub in Aquifoliales order, has an odd floral architecture-epiphyllous inflorescence. The potential significances and possible evolutionary origin of this specie are not well understood due to poorly(More)
FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1) proteins share highly conserved amino acid residues but they play opposite regulatory roles in promoting and repressing the flowering response, respectively. Previous substitution models and functional analysis have identified several key amino acid residues which are critical for the promotion of(More)