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The development of laparoscopic processus vaginalis repair has provided an alternative approach to the management of inguinal hernia and hydroceles in children. Here we describe our new technique for laparoscopic extraperitoneal ligation of processus vaginalis with subumbilical single-port using a modified Kirschner pin. A 5-mm trocar for an operative(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the value of virtual endoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of hydrocephalus after failed shunt. METHODS we performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 3D-SPACE sequence scanning for 76 patients suffering from hydrocephalus after failed shunt. Based on the DICOM data of 3D-SPACE sequence, we three-dimensionally reconstructed the(More)
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