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The lipid bilayer is one of the most important self-assembled structures in nature. In addition to compartmentalizing the cell, the lipid bilayer maintains many physical and biological characteristics of cell membranes, including lateral fluidity. It provides a wealth of opportunities for the study of membrane properties. Recently there has been an(More)
A novel method of forming lipid bilayer membrane arrays on micropatterned polyelectrolyte film surfaces is introduced. Polyelectrolyte films were fabricated by the layer-by-layer technique on a silicon oxide surface modified with a 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) monolayer. The surface pK(a) value of the APTES monolayer was determined by cyclic(More)
Pedestrian dead reckoning (PDR) is a promising complementary technique to balance the requirements on both accuracy and costs in outdoor and indoor positioning systems. In this paper, we propose a unified framework to comprehensively tackle the three sub problems involved in PDR, including step detection and counting, heading estimation and step length(More)
The temperature-dependence of the influence of the position-2-methyl group on the structure-directing effect of piperazine in the synthesis of open-framework aluminophosphates was investigated. By heating the initial mixture with the composition of Al2O3:1.5 P2O5:R:125 H2O at 160 °C, where R is the structure-directing agent of 2-methylpiperazine or(More)
The development of sustainable and environmentally friendly techniques for synthesizing zeolites has attracted much attention, as the use of organic templates and solvents in the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites is a major obstacle for realizing green and sustainable synthesis ways. Recently, the introduction of the organotemplate-free synthesis method(More)
Understanding the nature of active sites in metal-supported catalysts is of great importance towards establishing their structure-property relationships. The outstanding catalytic performance of metal-supported catalysts is frequently ascribed to the synergic effect of different active sites, which is however not well spectroscopically characterized.(More)
Two ways: a Zn-modified ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst was developed for the reaction of methane with carbon monoxide to directly produce acetic acid under mild conditions (573-623 K), and two different intermediate-dependent reaction pathways were unambiguously identified for acetic acid formation by in situ solid-state NMR spectroscopy.
We report the low-temperature catalytic reactivity of Zn(+) ions confined in ZSM-5 zeolite toward CO oxidation. In situ DRIFT and ESR spectroscopy demonstrated that molecular O2 is readily activated by Zn(+) ion to produce O2(-) species at room temperature (298 K) via facile electron transfer between Zn(+) ion and O2 and that the formation of the active(More)