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In this study, biodegradation of natural organic matter (NOM) in a biological aerated filter (BAF) as pretreatment of UF treating river water was investigated. Photometric measurement, three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy and liquid chromatography with online organic carbon detector (LC-OCD) were used to investigate(More)
Mushrooms are a great source of vitamin D and vitamin B2; however, the content of these vitamins in dried mushrooms has not fully been investigated. Thus, the objectives of this study were to determine the contents of vitamin D2, ergosterol, and vitamin B2 in commercially dried edible mushrooms in China and to investigate the effect of UV-C irradiation on(More)
Highly porous surface fluorinated SnO2 hollow nanospheres (SnO2(F) HNS) were produced in high yield by a hydrothermal treatment of stannous fluoride in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Two important processes in terms of oriented self-assembly and in situ self-transformation were highlighted for the formation of as-prepared SnO2(F) HNS, which were largely(More)
Earth-abundant red phosphorus was found to exhibit remarkable efficiency to inactivate Escherichia coli K-12 under the full spectrum of visible light and even sunlight. The reactive oxygen species (•OH, •O2(-), H2O2), which were measured and identified to derive mainly from photogenerated electrons in the conduction band using fluorescent probes and(More)
This article presents a study aimed at the fractionation and characterization of what is thought to be one of the most complex organic mixtures produced by activated sludge: biomacromolecules (BMM). Photometric quantification combined with excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements were used(More)
Bacterial inactivation by magnetic photocatalyst receives increasing interests for the ease recovery and reuse of photocatalysts. This study investigated bacterial inactivation by a magnetic photocatalysts, Fe2O3-AgBr, under the irradiation of a commercially available light emitting diode lamp. The effects of different factors on the inactivation of(More)
This study investigated how a natural sphalerite (NS) photocatalyst, under visible light irradiation, supports photocatalytic bacterial inactivation. This was done by comparing parent E. coli BW25113, and its two isogenic single-gene knock-out mutants, E. coli JW0797-1 (dps(-) mutant) and JW1721-1 (katE(-) mutant), where both dps and KatE genes are likely(More)
Anthropogenic activities have dramatically changed the loads and compositions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in urbanized streams. In this study, the spatial and temporal variations of DOM in the anthropogenically impacted Zhujiang River were investigated by analyzing the water samples in an upstream, urbanized area and downstream of the rivers on(More)
The phycoremediation process has great potential for effectively addressing environmental pollution. To explore the capabilities of simultaneous algal nutrient removal, CO2 mitigation and biofuel feedstock production from spent water resources, a Chlorogonium sp. isolated from a tilapia pond in Hong Kong was grown in non-sterile saline sewage effluent for a(More)