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Whether there are differences in knee anthropometry between Asian and white knees remains unclear. Three-dimensional knee models were constructed using computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of healthy Chinese and white subjects. The morphologic measurements of the femur included mediolateral, anteroposterior dimensions, and aspect ratio. The(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has been widely used to evaluate the thickness and volume of articular cartilage both in vivo and in vitro. While morphological information on the cartilage can be obtained using MR images, image processing for extracting geometric boundaries of the cartilage may introduce variations in the thickness of the cartilage. To(More)
PURPOSE Various techniques are used to produce the pivot shift phenomenon after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. In particular, the amount of applied axial tibial torque varies among examiners. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of the magnitude and direction of axial tibial torque in combination with valgus torque on the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of knee joint function after anterior cruciate ligament deficiency have focused on measuring anterior-posterior translation and internal-external rotation. Few studies have measured the effects of anterior cruciate ligament deficiency on 6 degrees of freedom knee kinematics in vivo. OBJECTIVE To measure the 6 degrees of freedom(More)
BACKGROUND Most knowledge regarding cruciate ligament function is based on in vitro experiments. PURPOSE To investigate the in vivo elongation of the functional bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament during weightbearing flexion. HYPOTHESIS The biomechanical role of functional bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament(More)
BACKGROUND Recent follow-up studies have reported a high incidence of joint degeneration in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Abnormal kinematics after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction have been thought to contribute to the degeneration. HYPOTHESIS Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, which was designed to restore(More)
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a widely accepted surgical procedure for the treatment of patients with end-stage osteoarthritis (OA). However, the function of the knee is not always fully recovered after TKA. We used a dual fluoroscopic imaging system to evaluate the in vivo kinematics of the knee with medial compartment OA before and after a posterior(More)
Understanding the biomechanical effect of various factors on knee behavior after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury or reconstruction is instrumental for the development of an optimal surgical treatment of ACL injury that can better restore normal knee function. This paper presents the application of a three-dimensional (3D) computational knee model(More)
This study investigated the in vivo 6DOF knee kinematics and tibiofemoral contact location after total knee arthroplasty using a conventional and a high flexion cruciate retaining component (15 NexGen CR, 11 NexGen CR-Flex). Each patient performed a single-leg lunge while being imaged by a dual fluoroscopic imaging system. Data were analyzed at(More)
Patellar tracking during in vivo weightbearing knee function is not well understood. This study investigated patellar tracking of eight subjects during a full range of weightbearing flexion using magnetic resonance imaging and dual orthogonal fluoroscopy. The data were reported using a clinical description based on patellar and femoral joint coordinate(More)