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The red wine polyphenol trans-resveratrol has been found to exert potent protective actions in a variety of cerebral ischemia models. The neuroprotection by trans-resveratrol thus far is mainly attributed to its intrinsic antioxidant properties. In the present study, the effects of the red wine polyphenol on excitatory synaptic transmission were(More)
Spinal neurons undergo large cyclic membrane potential oscillations during fictive locomotion in lamprey. It was investigated whether these oscillations were due only to synaptically driven excitatory and inhibitory potentials or if voltage-dependent inward conductances also contribute to the depolarizing phase by using N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl(More)
The red wine ingredient trans-resveratrol was found to exert potent neuroprotective effects in different in vivo and in vitro models. Thus far, the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotection were attributed mainly to its antioxidant properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the actions of trans-resveratrol on voltage-gated K(+) channels, which(More)
Donepezil (E2020) is a novel cholinesterase inhibitor for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Recent studies show that it may act on targets other than acetylcholinesterase in the brain. In the present study, the actions of donepezil on voltage-gated Na+ and K+ channels were investigated in rat dissociated hippocampal neurons. Donepezil reversibly(More)
The actions of huperzine A (HupA), a novel cholinesterase inhibitor, on the fast transient potassium current (IA) were investigated in CA1 pyramidal neurons acutely dissociated from rat hippocampus. HupA reversibly inhibited IA (IC(50) = 914 +/- 1 microM). The effect was voltage-independent and insensitive to atropine. Tacrine was eight times more potent(More)
The actions of huperzine A (HupA), a novel cholinesterase inhibitor, on the sustained potassium current were investigated in acutely dissociated hippocampal neurons of rat. HupA inhibited the current (IC(50) = 856 +/- 1 microM) with voltage-dependency. The effect was insensitive to 3 microM atropine. Tacrine (IC(50) = 43 +/- 3 microM) was 20 times more(More)
Central dopaminergic system exerts profound modulation on spontaneous glutamate release in various brain regions mainly through D(1) receptor/cAMP/PKA pathway. It remains unclear whether the phosphatidylinositol (PI)-linked D(1)-like receptors are also involved in such modulatory actions. The identification of substituted phenylbenzazepine SKF83959 as the(More)
Previous reports showed that a transposon-induced PurL− mutant of Sinorhizobium fredii induced pseudonodules on Glycine max and the addition of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-riboside or adenine to the plant could not restore the mutant to establish effective symbiosis. To gain a better understanding of the impact of the purL gene on symbiosis formation, we(More)
Potassium ion (K+) channels are attractive targets for drug discovery because of the essential roles played in biological systems. However, high-throughput screening (HTS) cannot be used to screen K+ channel blockers. To overcome this disadvantage of HTS, we have developed a virtual screening approach for discovering novel blockers of K+ channels. On the(More)
[structure: see text] Chlorahololides A(1) and B(2), two highly complex sesquiterpenoid dimers, were isolated from Chloranthus holostegius. Their structures and absolute configurations were established by NMR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, and CD. Chlorahololides A (1) and B (2) exhibited potent and selective inhibition on the delayed rectifier (IK)(More)