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The red wine polyphenol trans-resveratrol has been found to exert potent protective actions in a variety of cerebral ischemia models. The neuroprotection by trans-resveratrol thus far is mainly attributed to its intrinsic antioxidant properties. In the present study, the effects of the red wine polyphenol on excitatory synaptic transmission were(More)
Huperzine A, a novel cholinesterase inhibitor, was found to inhibit the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the brain. In this study, the mechanisms of the NMDA receptor inhibition were investigated using [3H]dizocilpine (MK-801) binding in synaptic membrane of rat cerebral cortex. Changing the concentrations of L-glutamate and L-glycine did not alter(More)
Donepezil (E2020) is a novel cholinesterase inhibitor for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Recent studies show that it may act on targets other than acetylcholinesterase in the brain. In the present study, the actions of donepezil on voltage-gated Na+ and K+ channels were investigated in rat dissociated hippocampal neurons. Donepezil reversibly(More)
The red wine ingredient trans-resveratrol was found to exert potent neuroprotective effects in different in vivo and in vitro models. Thus far, the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotection were attributed mainly to its antioxidant properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the actions of trans-resveratrol on voltage-gated K(+) channels, which(More)
Songorine, a diterpenoid alkaloid isolated from the genus Aconitum, was recently found to enhance the excitatory synaptic transmission in rat hippocampus. The mechanism underlying the effects was examined in the present study. The alkaloid at 0.1-300 microM inhibited the specific binding of [(3)H]muscimol to Triton-treated synaptic membranes of rat brain in(More)
Spinal neurons undergo large cyclic membrane potential oscillations during fictive locomotion in lamprey. It was investigated whether these oscillations were due only to synaptically driven excitatory and inhibitory potentials or if voltage-dependent inward conductances also contribute to the depolarizing phase by using N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl(More)
Central dopaminergic system exerts profound modulation on spontaneous glutamate release in various brain regions mainly through D(1) receptor/cAMP/PKA pathway. It remains unclear whether the phosphatidylinositol (PI)-linked D(1)-like receptors are also involved in such modulatory actions. The identification of substituted phenylbenzazepine SKF83959 as the(More)
Dopamine (DA) profoundly modulates excitatory synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity in the brain. In the present study the effects of SKF83959, the selective agonist of phosphatidylinositol (PI)-linked D(1) -like receptor, on the excitatory synaptic transmission were investigated in rat hippocampus. SKF83959 (10-100 μM) reversibly suppressed the(More)
The actions of huperzine A (HupA), a novel cholinesterase inhibitor, on the fast transient potassium current (IA) were investigated in CA1 pyramidal neurons acutely dissociated from rat hippocampus. HupA reversibly inhibited IA (IC(50) = 914 +/- 1 microM). The effect was voltage-independent and insensitive to atropine. Tacrine was eight times more potent(More)
Magnesium lithospermate B (MLB) is the main water-soluble principle of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix (also called as 'Danshen' in the traditional Chinese medicine) for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. MLB was found to possess a variety of pharmacological actions. However, it is unclear whether and how MLB affects the cardiac ion channels. In the(More)