Guo-xian Ding

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Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays crucial roles in the development and invasion of tumors. Celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, has been shown to be chemopreventive against cancer. However, to date, the mechanisms of these effects remain unclear. In this study, we investigate the effects of celecoxib on voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) currents in(More)
Obese individuals with fat stored in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) generally suffer greater adverse metabolic consequences than those with fat stored predominantly in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), but its molecular basis is not completely understood. We isolated paired samples of SAT and VAT from 15 lean and 15 obese subjects and systematically(More)
In this study, the role of sucrose non-fermenting-related kinase (SNRK) in white adipocyte biology was investigated. SNRK is abundantly expressed in adipose tissue, and the expression level is decreased in obese mice. SNRK expression is repressed by inflammatory signals but increased by insulin sensitizer in cultured adipocytes. In vivo, adipose tissue SNRK(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can severely interfere with multiple animals and human systems. To explore the molecular mechanisms underlying 2, 3', 4, 4', 5- pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB118)-induced thyroid dysfunction, Fischer rat thyroid cell line-5(FRTL-5) cells were treated with either different concentrations of PCB118 or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of pioglitazone, a synthetic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) agonist, on the RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis of osteoclast precursor cells, and to explore the function and mechanism of PPARγ in the osteoclast differentiation. METHODS Pioglitazone treatment of RAW264.7 murine macrophages were compared(More)
Clinical evidence shows that visceral fat accumulation decreases whereas sc fat increases in patients treated with thiazolidinediones (TZDs), a type of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ agonist. To clarify the molecular mechanism of the differential effects of PPARγ agonists on sc and visceral adipose, we investigated expression profiling(More)
Lithium, a drug used for the treatment of bipolar disorder, has been shown to affect different aspects of neuronal development such as neuritogenesis, neurogenesis and survival. The underlying mechanism responsible for lithium's influence on neuronal development, however, still remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we demonstrate that lithium(More)
BACKGROUND Neurite outgrowth is an important aspect of neuronal plasticity and regeneration after neuronal injury. Alpha-lipoic acid (LA) has been used as a therapeutic approach for a variety of neural disorders. We recently reported that LA prevents local anesthetics-induced neurite loss. In this study, we hypothesized that LA administration promotes(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are durable and widely distributed environmental contaminants that can compromise the normal functions of multiple organs and systems; one important mechanism is the induction of inflammatory disorders. In this study, we explored the influences of 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB118) on inflammatory responses and its(More)
Gastrin and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) play important roles in the carcinogenesis and progression of gastric cancer. However, it remains unknown whether the combination of cholecystokinin-2 (CCK-2) receptor antagonist plus COX-2 inhibitor exerts synergistic anti-tumor effects on human gastric cancer. Here, we demonstrated that the combination of AG-041R (a(More)