Guo-nian Zhu

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The zebrafish (Danio rerio) has been used as a model for the study of endocrine disrupting chemicals. This study set out to determine the profiles of whole-body thyroxine (T4) and 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) levels during the development of zebrafish from embryo to adult. Enzyme-linked immunoassay was used to analyze whole-body T4 and T3 contents. The(More)
A triazophos-degrading strain, Klebsiella sp. E6, was isolated by enrichment technology from soil that had been exposed long-term to triazophos. The strain grew well at pH 7.0-8.0 with a broad temperature profile ranging from 32 to 37 degrees C. It could keep good growth on methanol as carbon source and TAP as additional carbon source or nitrogen source.(More)
Oxadiargyl is a commonly used herbicide in China. We developed a simple, fast, and high-throughput method employing gas chromatography with electron capture detector to determine oxadiargyl residues in food samples (rice, straws) and environmental samples (soil, water). Samples were prepared by a modified QuEChERS procedure. In this method, acetonitrile was(More)
From 2004 to 2006, 213 isolates of Botrytis cinerea never exposed to QO center inhibitors (QOIs) were collected to determine the baseline sensitivity to azoxystrobin. In the absence of salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM), the mean EC50 values were 10.49 ± 13.12 and 0.36 ± 0.48 mg l−1 for inhibiting mycelial growth and conidium germination, respectively. In the(More)
Cartap is a widely used insecticide which belongs to a member of nereistoxin derivatives and acts on nicotinic acetylcholine receptor site. Its effects on aquatic species are of grave concern. To explore the potential developmental toxicity of cartap, zebrafish embryos were continually exposed, from 0.5 to 144h post-fertilization, to a range of(More)
The widely used triazole fungicides have the potential to disrupt endocrine system, but little is known of such effects or underlying mechanisms of hexaconazole (HEX) and tebuconazole (TEB) in fish. In the present study, zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos were exposed to various concentrations of HEX (0.625, 1.25 and 2.5 mg/L) and TEB (1, 2 and 4 mg/L) from(More)
A direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for triazophos was developed, which was based on the THHe monoclonal antibody (McAb) and a heterologous enzyme tracer (THBu-HRP). The influence of several physicochemical factors (temperature, time, pH, salt, detergent, and solvent) on the immunoassay was studied. For the standard curve, an I50(More)
The present study developed an improved analytical method for simultaneous quantification of seven neonicotinoids in food by ultraperformance liquid chromatography combined with electrospray ionization triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) under the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The optimization of extraction, cleanup, UPLC(More)
In this study, zebrafish was exposed to triadimefon. Thyroid hormones levels and the expression of related genes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, including thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH-beta), deiodinases (dio1 and dio2) and the thyroid hormone receptor (thraa and thrb) were evaluated. After triadimefon exposure, increased T4 can be(More)
Between 2003 and 2005, 337 isolates of Botrytis cinerea collected from greenhouse vegetables were characterized for resistance to fungicides. A low level of chlorothalonil resistance was detected and in these resistant isolates there was cross-resistance to captan and thiram. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of chlorothalonil(More)