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This study focused on the effect of melatonin on in vitro maturation of porcine oocytes and their parthenogenetic embryonic development. Melatonin was measured in porcine follicular fluid of follicles of different sizes in the same ovary. Melatonin exists in follicular fluid, and the concentration is approximately 10(-11) m. Its concentration decreased as(More)
Two-cell embryos of mouse were vitrified by the open-pulled straw (OPS) method. The vitrified embryos were warmed and introduced into M16 medium for culture that contains melatonin at different concentrations (10(-3), 10(-5), 10(-7), 10(-9), 10(-11) m). This process caused reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and jeopardized the development of the(More)
The objective was to determine the effects of various methods of oocyte activation and sperm pretreatment on development of porcine embryos derived from in vitro-matured oocytes and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The second polar body was extruded in the majority (>78.4%) of in vitro-matured (IVM) oocytes 4h after electrical pulse activation. In(More)
Polyploid embryo production is an important technique in generating mice directly from embryonic stem (ES) cells. The present study was designed to assess the effect of different calcium concentrations and electric field intensities on the production of tetraploid embryos with higher developmental potential by electrofusion. Two-cell mouse embryos were(More)
Promotion of spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) differentiation into functional sperms under in vitro conditions is a great challenge for reproductive physiologists. In this study, we observed that melatonin (10(-7) M) supplementation significantly enhanced the cultured SSCs differentiation into haploid germ cells. This was confirmed by the expression of sperm(More)
The cross-talk between oocyte and somatic cells plays a crucial role in the regulation of follicular development and oocyte maturation. As a result, granulosa cell apoptosis causes follicular atresia. In this study, sheep granulosa cells were cultured under thermal stress to induce apoptosis, and melatonin (MT) was examined to evaluate its potential effects(More)
In this study, the effects of melatonin (MT) on superovulation and reproductive hormones (melatonin, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and PRL) were investigated in female sika deer. Different doses (40 or 80 mg/animal) of melatonin were subcutaneously implanted into deer before the breeding season. Exogenous melatonin(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of seasonal changes on the superovulation in Black Suffolk ewes, particularly the ovulation rate and embryo quality. DESIGN Black Suffolk ewes were superovulated either in May (n=22) or in September (n=21), 2013. After estrus synchronization with CIDR, the donor ewes were superovulated(More)
Genetic modification provides a means to enhancing disease resistance in animals. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the TLR family, is critical for the recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/endotoxin from Gram-negative bacteria by host immune cells, which initiates cell activation and subsequently triggers a proinflammatory response to the invading(More)
Finland blue fox (Alopex lagopus) has great reputation in pelt industry around the world for its large size and top-ranking fur quality; however, both the herd size and the average survival rate of purebred offspring are rather low in production systems in China. Surgical transfer of blue fox embryos was investigated as a means to increase the population(More)