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In 2005, massive mortality occurred in olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus farms in Korea, and five isolates were collected from diseased fish. In this study, microbiological and pathogenic characteristics of these isolates were studied. The isolates gave negative results in lysine and ornithine decarboxylase, ortho-nitrophenyl-β-galactoside, and citrate(More)
During the winter-spring from 2004 to 2006 in northeastern China cultured Japanese sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus suffered from a serious disease. Clinical signs included swollen mouth, skin ulceration and massive mortality. Clinical samples taken during this period were studied. Thirty-one bacterial samples were isolated from diseased sea cucumbers(More)
Vibrio scophthalmi, a bacterial pathogen of olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus, exhibits strain-dependent virulence. No information is available on the comparative pathogenicity of different strains of V. scophthalmi toward olive flounder. In this study, high- and low-virulence strains (HVS and LVS, respectively) were compared in terms of their(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) infected by multiple pathogens showed higher mortality and death occurred more quickly than those infected by a single pathogen (Jang et al., 2014). For better understanding the defense mechanism against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and Vibrio anguillarum, immune responses(More)
The sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus possesses a variety of cells populating in both the coelomic (cells in the coelomic are called coelomocytes) and water-vascular system. In this study, we compared cells in these two systems of A. japonicus on total cell number, cell types and surface antigens through monoclonal antibodies against coelomocytes. The(More)
Evaluation systems based on Web is a convenient way for tourists to Understanding the attractions. However, many common Web-based evaluation systems have a shortcoming that there is no logical correlation between the total score and evaluation indicators or correlation is too simple. Obviously, only use the arithmetic mean value of evaluation indicators as(More)
Toll like receptor (TLR) 7, 8 and 9 are intracellular TLRs which play important roles in host immune defense against bacterial or virus pathogens. In this study, TLR7, 8 and 9 were identified from golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus), a marine teleost with great economic values. Sequence analysis revealed that the three TLRs contained several conserved(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specifically against coelomocytes of Apostichopus japonicus were employed to study the ontogenesis of coelomocytes by indirect immunofluorescence assay technique (IIFAT). Different developmental stages were identified by histochemical staining method. Stages including blastula, gastrula, auricularia (small-auricular larvae,(More)
Peptidoglycan (PGN) recognition proteins (PGRPs) are important pattern recognition receptors of the innate immune system. A number of PGRP splicing variants produced by alternative splicing of PGRP genes have been reported. However, several important aspects of interactions between PGRP splice variants and their ligands are still unclear. In the present(More)
The organics-degrading bacteria were isolated from sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus) outdoor rearing ponds sediment. The bacterial strains were selected according to the isolation growth, pathogenicity, organic degradation rate, and effects on A. japonicus growth and water quality. The screened strains were identified on physiological, biochemical, and(More)