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Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF-3), an essential transcriptional regulator of the interferon genes, plays an important role in host defense against viral and microbial infection as well as in cell growth regulation. Promoter plays a crucial role in gene transcription. We have reported the characterization of the wide type of human IRF-3 promoter, but(More)
OBJECTIVES Bladder cancer is the most common type of urologic cancer in Chinese males. The 5-year survival rate of advanced bladder cancer is approximately 20%-40%. There is an obvious urgent need for novel and effective therapies against bladder cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a recently discovered class of noncoding RNAs; suppressing miRNA-221 might prove(More)
OBJECTIVE The KCl cotransporter (KCC) plays an important role in cellular cation and volume regulation and contributes to the process of volume reduction that accompanies reticulocyte maturation. In human red cells containing sickle hemoglobin, KCl cotransporter activity is high compared to normal cells, and contributes to the deleterious dehydration of(More)
RhoBTB2, or Deleted in Breast Cancer 2 (DBC2), identified as a candidate tumor suppressor gene for breast cancer and other human malignancies, is an atypical member of a novel gene family encoding small GTPases. In this study, we found that ectopic expression of RhoBTB2 inhibits the migration and invasion of the human metastatic breast cancer cell lines(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have shown that lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) and its analogues inhibited proliferation of glomerular mesangial cells induced by leukotriene D(4) (LTD(4)) or platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), reduced the production of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6 in renal tissue of ischemic injury. In the present studies,(More)
The CD2 associated protein (CD2AP) is characterized as a T-lymphocyte CD2 adapter protein and is found to be related to glomerulosclerosis, and CD2AP knockout mice develop a rapid onset nephrotic syndrome and die of renal failure. Here we report that the transcription factor Sp1 and Sp3 up-regulate the basal transcriptional activity of CD2AP and increase(More)
The human CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is involved in several molecular signaling pathways and is an important factor responsible for nephrotic syndrome. Here we report the identification of the transcription start point and promoter region of the human CD2AP gene in renal tubular epithelial cells. With luciferase assays and deletion analysis, we found(More)
BACKGROUND The mRNA of CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) was found to be changed in glomerular diseases. The promoter plays an important role in the regulation of gene expression, but the characterization of the human CD2AP promoter has not been systematically analyzed in HEK 293 cells. AIMS To analyze in detail the promoter of human CD2AP in HEK 293 cells.(More)
Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF-3) is one of the master transcription factors involved in the stringent regulation of interferon production following virus infection. The aim of our study was to explore new isoforms of IRF-3 and further characterize transcriptional regulation. Two new TSSs of IRF-3 were identified by 5' RACE experiments. The expression(More)
Neural cells undergo glutamate-induced apoptosis in ischaemic brain tissue, in which prostate apoptosis response-4 gene (Par-4) is involved. Human-bone mesenchymal stem cells can be utilized as an effective therapy for ischemic brain injury. In this study, we found that glutamate could induce apoptosis in human-bone mesenchymal stem cells, accompanied by(More)