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Rapid induction of type I interferon expression, a central event in establishing the innate antiviral response, requires cooperative activation of numerous transcription factors. Although signaling pathways that activate the transcription factors nuclear factor kappaB and ATF-2/c-Jun have been well characterized, activation of the interferon regulatory(More)
Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF-3), an essential transcriptional regulator of the interferon genes, plays an important role in host defense against viral and microbial infection as well as in cell growth regulation. Promoter plays a crucial role in gene transcription. We have reported the characterization of the wide type of human IRF-3 promoter, but(More)
Membrane proteins are generally classified into the following five types: 1), type I membrane protein; 2), type II membrane protein; 3), multipass transmembrane proteins; 4), lipid chain-anchored membrane proteins; and 5), GPI-anchored membrane proteins. In this article, based on the concept of using the functional domain composition to define a protein,(More)
BACKGROUND We apply a new machine learning method, the so-called Support Vector Machine method, to predict the protein structural class. Support Vector Machine method is performed based on the database derived from SCOP, in which protein domains are classified based on known structures and the evolutionary relationships and the principles that govern their(More)
The core of an enzyme molecule is its active site from the viewpoints of both academic research and industrial application. To reveal the structural and functional mechanism of an enzyme, one needs to know its active site; to conduct structure-based drug design by regulating the function of an enzyme, one needs to know the active site and its(More)
Earlier NMR studies showed that the polyisoprenols (PIs) dolichol (C95), dolichylphosphate (C95-P) and undecaprenylphosphate (C55-P) could alter membrane structure by inducing in the lamellar phospholipid (PL) bilayer a nonlamellar or hexagonal (Hex II) structure. The destabilizing effect of C95 and C95-P on host fatty acyl chains was supported by small(More)
The CD2 associated protein (CD2AP) is characterized as a T-lymphocyte CD2 adapter protein and is found to be related to glomerulosclerosis, and CD2AP knockout mice develop a rapid onset nephrotic syndrome and die of renal failure. Here we report that the transcription factor Sp1 and Sp3 up-regulate the basal transcriptional activity of CD2AP and increase(More)
BACKGROUND Mast cells play a central role in allergic and inflammatory disorders by inducing degranulation and inflammatory mediator release. Recent reports have shown that miRNAs play an important role in inflammatory response regulation. Therefore, the role of miR-223 in mast cells was investigated. METHODS The expression of miR-223 was quantified by(More)
Most K-Cl cotransport in the erythrocyte is attributed to potassium chloride cotransporter 1 (KCC1). K-Cl cotransport is elevated in sickle erythrocytes, and the KCC1 gene has been proposed as a modifier gene in sickle cell disease. To provide insight into our understanding of the regulation of the human KCC1 gene, we mapped the 5' end of the KCC1 cDNA,(More)
Neural cells undergo glutamate-induced apoptosis in ischaemic brain tissue, in which prostate apoptosis response-4 gene (Par-4) is involved. Human-bone mesenchymal stem cells can be utilized as an effective therapy for ischemic brain injury. In this study, we found that glutamate could induce apoptosis in human-bone mesenchymal stem cells, accompanied by(More)