Guo Nian Zhu

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The tumour suppressor PTEN is the central negative regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signalling pathway, which mediates diverse processes in various tissues. In the nervous system, the PI3K pathway modulates proliferation, migration, cellular size, synaptic transmission and plasticity. In humans, neurological abnormalities such as(More)
Loss of PTEN causes unregulated activation of downstream components of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling, including PDK1, and disrupts normal nervous system development and homeostasis. We tested the contribution of Pdk1 to the abnormalities induced by Pten deletion in the brain. Conditional deletion of Pdk1 caused microcephaly. Combined(More)
A novel procedure for parathion hapten design is described. The optimal antigen for parathion was selected after molecular modeling studies of six types of potentially immunizing haptens with the aim to identify the best mimicking target analyte. Heterologous competitive indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed after screening a(More)
Chinese toad, Bufo bufo gargarizans, is frequently found in rice fields, muddy ponds, wetlands and other aquatic ecosystems in China. Because of its habitat, it has many chances of being exposed to pesticides, such as acetochlor, butachlor, chlorimuron-ethyl, and paraquat, which are extensively used in rice or cereal fields. Amphibians may serve as model(More)
Evidence is accumulating that skin can act as an independent steroidogenic organ. It can respond to various stresses including UV light, trauma and oncogenesis by upregulating glucocorticoid production via elements of the local hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Recent data by Takei and collaborators provided in this issue of Experimental(More)
From 2003 to 2006, a total of 426 single-conidial isolates of B. cinerea collected from greenhouse vegetables in China were characterized for resistance to benzimidazole fungicides and diethofencarb according to inhibition of mycelial growth. Rapid development of double-resistance to benzimidazoles and diethofencarb was observed. Three types of(More)
A multi-determinant artificial antigen was prepared by haptens of four pesticides (chlorpyrifos, triazophos, carbofuran and parathion methyl) conjugating to the carrier protein BSA in turn. Male New Zealand white rabbits were immunized with this multi-determinant immunogen to produce the polyclonal antibodies (PAbs), which can recognize the four pesticides.(More)
Two commercial flocks of Chinese partridge experienced increased mortality associated with a wasting disease at 120-day old in June 2006. Postmortem examination of dead chickens consistently showed visceral tissues mainly proventriculus, liver and spleen were diffuse enlargement. Microscopic examination revealed masses of immature lymphocytes with frequent(More)
Neuronal precursors, generated throughout life in the subventricular zone, migrate through the rostral migratory stream to the olfactory bulb where they differentiate into interneurons. We found that the PI3K-Akt-mTorc1 pathway is selectively inactivated in migrating neuroblasts in the subventricular zone and rostral migratory stream, and activated when(More)
Two haptens of the insecticide triazophos (O,O-diethyl O-[1-phenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl] phosphorothioate) were synthesized by introducing appropriate spacers in the O-ethyl site of the analyte molecular structure. First, thiophosphoryl chloride (PSCl(3)) reacts with methanol at low temperature to give O-ethyl dichlorothiophosphate. After reacting with(More)