Learn More
Measurement of cerebral arterial and venous blood volumes during increased cerebral blood flow can provide important information regarding hemodynamic regulation under normal, pathological, and neuronally active conditions. In particular, the change in venous blood volume induced by neural activity is one critical component of the blood oxygenation(More)
The blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrast mechanism can be modeled as a complex interplay between CBF, cerebral blood volume (CBV), and CMRO2. Positive BOLD signal changes are presumably caused by CBF changes in excess of increases in CMRO2. Because this uncoupling between CBF and CMRO2 may not always be present, the magnitude of BOLD changes(More)
Crus II is an area of the cerebellar cortex that receives trigeminal afferents from the perioral region. We investigated the mechanisms of functional hyperemia in cerebellum using activation of crus II by somatosensory stimuli as a model. In particular, we sought to determine whether stimulation of the perioral region increases cerebellar blood flow (BFcrb)(More)
1. We investigated the neural mechanisms of the increases in blood flow produced by synaptic activity using the parallel fiber (PF) system of the cerebellum as a model. The midline cerebellum was exposed in anesthetized rats and the PFs were stimulated with tungsten microelectrodes. Cerebellar blood flow (BFcrb) was recorded using a laser-Doppler probe,(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms regulating the cerebellar microcirculation during neural activity are poorly understood. One of the major neural inputs to the cerebellar cortex is the climbing fiber (CF), a pathway that uses excitatory amino acids, including glutamate, as a transmitter. We studied whether CF activation increases cerebellar blood flow (BFcrb) and,(More)
We present a human brain atlas of white matter (WM) tracts containing 40 major tracts, which is three-dimensional (3D), segmented, labeled, interactive, stereotactic and correlated to structure and vasculature. We consider: 1) WM accuracy by correlating WM tracts to underlying neuroanatomy and quantifying them; 2) balance between realism and completeness by(More)
Electrical stimulation of cerebellar parallel fibers releases glutamate and increases local blood flow (BFcrb), an effect in part mediated by glutamate-induced nitric oxide (NO) production. We studied whether local microinjection of glutamate into the cerebellar cortex would produce increases in BFcrb comparable to those elicited by parallel fiber(More)
Mice lacking cyclin D2 have a profound reduction in the number of stellate neurons in the cerebellar molecular layer. We used cyclin D2-null mice to study the contribution of stellate neurons in the increase of cerebellar blood flow (BFcrb) produced by neural activation. Crus II, a region of the cerebellar cortex that receives trigeminal sensory afferents,(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in the corpus callosum have been reported in patients with schizophrenia for over 30 years but the influence of inter-individual differences and illness characteristics remains to be fully elucidated. AIMS To examine the influence of individual and illness characteristics on the corpus callosum in Chinese Singaporean patients with(More)
Electrical stimulation of cerebellar parallel fibers (PF) increases cerebellar blood flow (BFcrb), a response that is attenuated by glutamate receptor antagonists and NO synthase (NOS) inhibitors. We investigated whether administration of NO donors could counteract attenuation by NOS inhibitors of vasodilation produced by PF stimulation. In(More)