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BACKGROUND Obesity is increasingly prevalent in bipolar disorder (BD) but data about the impact of elevated body mass index (BMI) on brain white-matter integrity in BD are sparse. Based on extant literature largely from structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, we hypothesize that increased BMI is associated with decreased fractional anisotropy(More)
The passivity phenomenon is a distressing Schneiderian first rank symptom in patients with schizophrenia. Based on extant data of functional and structural cerebral changes underlying passivity, we sought to examine cerebral white matter integrity in our subjects. We hypothesised that the passivity phenomenon would be associated with white matter changes in(More)
We present a human brain atlas of white matter (WM) tracts containing 40 major tracts, which is three-dimensional (3D), segmented, labeled, interactive, stereotactic and correlated to structure and vasculature. We consider: 1) WM accuracy by correlating WM tracts to underlying neuroanatomy and quantifying them; 2) balance between realism and completeness by(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in the corpus callosum have been reported in patients with schizophrenia for over 30 years but the influence of inter-individual differences and illness characteristics remains to be fully elucidated. AIMS To examine the influence of individual and illness characteristics on the corpus callosum in Chinese Singaporean patients with(More)
This paper introduces a computer-aided atlas-based functional neurosurgery methodology and describes NeuroPlanner, a software system which supports it. NeuroPlanner provides four groups of functions: 1) data-related for data reading, interpolation, reformatting, and image processing; 2) atlas-related for multiple atlases reading, atlas-to-data global and(More)
A picture archive and communications system (PACS) is a rich source of images and data suitable for creating electronic teaching files (ETF). However, the potential for PACS to support nonclinical applications has not been fully realized: at present there is no mechanism for PACS to identify and store teaching files; neither is there a standardized method(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent genomewide association studies have implicated the calcium channel, voltage-dependent, L type, alpha 1C subunit (CACNA1C) genetic variant in schizophrenia, which is associated with functional brain changes and cognitive deficits in healthy individuals. However, the impact of CACNA1C on brain white matter integrity in schizophrenia remains(More)
A new method has been developed for multimedia enhancement of electronic teaching files created by using the standard protocols and formats offered by the Medical Imaging Resource Center (MIRC) project of the Radiological Society of North America. The typical MIRC electronic teaching file consists of static pages only; with the new method, audio and visual(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies examining brain effects of duration of illness in schizophrenia have focused on either cortical or subcortical structures. Hence this study sought to elucidate the regional grey matter changes (both cortical and subcortical) and neurocognitive correlates with increased duration of illness in a large sample of patients with(More)
Abnormalities in glutamate signaling and glutamate toxicity are thought to be important in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD). Whilst previous studies have found brain white matter changes in BD, there is paucity of data about how glutamatergic genes affect brain white matter integrity in BD. Based on extant neuroimaging data, we hypothesized that(More)