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A version of modified particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm has been proposed. The PSO algorithm has been modified to adopt to the discrete combinatorial optimization problem and reduce the probability of sinking into local optima. In the modified PSO algorithm, the velocity represents the probability of element in each particle taking value 1 or 0.(More)
A sensitive immunosensor using colloidal gold as electrochemical label is described. In this method, the capture protein was first immobilized on a carbon paste electrode surface through passive adsorption to bind quantitatively with corresponding antigen and colloidal gold labeled antibody to perform a sandwich assay. To detect the amount of the colloidal(More)
A mediator-free phenol biosensor was developed. The low-isoelectric point tyrosinase was adsorbed on the surface of high-isoelectric point ZnO nanoparticles (nano-ZnO) facilitated by the electrostatic interactions and then immobilized on the glassy carbon electrode via the film forming by chitosan. It was found that the nano-ZnO matrix provided an(More)
A sensitive and simple electrochemical immunosensor based on enzymatic silver deposition amplification was constructed for the detection of aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) in rice. The immunosensor was based on an indirect competitive format between free AFB(1) and aflatoxin B(1)-bovine serum albumin (AFB(1)-BSA) conjugate immobilized on the electrode surface for(More)
An electrochemical immunosensor for the direct determination of paraoxon has been developed based on the biocomposites of gold nanoparticles loaded with paraoxon antibodies. The biocomposites are immobilized on the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) using Nafion membrane. On the immunosensor prepared paraoxon shows well-shaped CV with reduction and oxidation(More)
A novel piezoelelctric biosensor has been developed for cholera toxin (CT) detection based on the analyte-mediated surface-agglutination of ganglioside (GM1)-functionalized liposomes. To achieve a CT-specific agglutination at the surface, the gold electrode is modified by a GM1-functionalized supported lipid membrane via spontaneous spread of the liposomes(More)
A novel system for the detection of DNA hybridization in a homogeneous format is developed. This method is based on fluorescence quenching by gold nanoparticles used as both nanoscaffolds for the immobilization of capture sequences and nanoquenchers of fluorophores attached to detection sequences. The oligonucleotide-functionalized gold nanoparticles are(More)
To improve the removal efficiency of heavy metals from wastewater, the surface of a fungal biomass was modified to obtain a high-capacity biosorbent for Cr(VI) in wastewater. The effects of pH, initial concentration, and sorption time on Cr(VI) removal by polyethylenimine (PEI)-modified Phanerochaete chrysosporium were investigated. The biomass adsorption(More)
This letter described the design and synthesis of a novel fluorescein-appended rhodamine spirolactam derivative and its preliminary application as a ratiometric fluorescent cellular imaging probe for Zn(2+). The ratiometric fluorescent signal change of the probe is based on an intramolecular fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) mechanism modulated(More)
A highly selective electrochemical biosensor for the ultrasensitive detection of Hg2+ in aqueous solution has been developed based on the strong and specific binding of Hg2+ by two DNA thymine bases (T-Hg2+-T) and the use of AuNP-functionalized reporter DNA to achieve signal amplification.