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A poorly understood neural circuit in the brain stem controls swallowing. This experiment studied the swallowing circuit in the rat brain stem by means of fos immunocytochemistry. The fos protein is a marker of activated neurons, and under experimental conditions, repetition of a behavior causes the fos protein to be produced in the neurons involved in that(More)
Porphyra dentata, an edible red macroalgae, is used as a folk medicine in Asia. This study evaluated in vitro and in vivo the protective effect of a sterol fraction from P. dentata against breast cancer linked to tumor-induced myeloid derived-suppressor cells (MDSCs). A sterol fraction containing cholesterol, β -sitosterol, and campesterol was prepared by(More)
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