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Results of various cancer genome sequencing projects have “unexpectedly” challenged the framework of the current somatic gene mutation theory of cancer. The prevalence of diverse genetic heterogeneity observed in cancer questions the strategy of focusing on contributions of individual gene mutations. Much of the genetic heterogeneity in tumors is due to(More)
Cell death plays a key role for both cancer progression and treatment. In this report, we characterize chromosome fragmentation, a new type of cell death that takes place during metaphase where condensed chromosomes are progressively degraded. It occurs spontaneously without any treatment in instances such as inherited status of genomic instability, or it(More)
The DNA damage checkpoint protein kinase mutated in ataxia telangiectasia (ATM) is involved in sensing and transducing DNA damage signals by phosphorylating and activating downstream target proteins that are implicated in the regulation of cell cycle progression and DNA repair. Atm-/- cells are defective in cellular proliferation mediated by the Arf/p53/p21(More)
Mitotic cell death is an important form of cell death, particularly in cancer. Chromosome fragmentation is a major form of mitotic cell death which is identifiable during common cytogenetic analysis by its unique phenotype of progressively degraded chromosomes. This morphology however, can appear similar to the morphology of premature chromosome(More)
We and others have demonstrated that estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and p53, two important regulatory proteins in breast cancer, bind to each other. In this report, using the glutathione S-transferase pull-down methodology, we show the ligand-independent interaction of ERalpha with the NH2-terminal region of p53, a region known to bind the p300 and human(More)
Increasing attention is focusing on chromosomal and genome structure in cancer research due to the fact that genomic instability plays a principal role in cancer initiation, progression and response to chemotherapeutic agents. The integrity of the genome (including structural, behavioral and functional aspects) of normal and cancer cells can be monitored(More)
The importance of the chromosome versus the gene as a causative agent in cancer formation has sparked a heated debate. This issue is directly related to two different schools of thought, namely the gene-centric or genome-centric paradigms of cancer research [1–3]. For decades we have essentially ignored the evolutionary nature of complex cancer systems due(More)
Current cytogenetics has largely focused its efforts on the identification of recurrent karyotypic alterations, also known as clonal chromosomal aberrations (CCAs). The rationale of doing so seems simple: recurrent genetic changes are relevant for diseases or specific physiological conditions, while non clonal chromosome aberrations (NCCAs) are(More)
OBJECTIVES The complement system is a key component of innate immunity and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). This study aimed at investigating whether polymorphisms of two genes in the complement pathway, complement factor H (CFH) and complement factor B (CFB), are associated with DR. METHODS 552 well-defined subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancer types both in western and eastern countries, involving mostly elder men. The mechanisms underlying the prostate cancer development remain unclear. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is the only well accepted marker for prostate cancer diagnosis and prognosis. The diagnosis and treatment of prostate(More)