Guntram Paul

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Sera of 52 Lyme borreliosis patients classified according to their clinical features were analysed by Western blot using as antigensBorrelia strains belonging to three recently described genomic species. The antibody response was demonstrated to be homologous within each genospecies. Serum reactivity was studied for each of the type strainsBorrelia(More)
Experimental infection of 2-day-old gnotobiotic lambs with lamb astrovirus produced mild diarrhoea after an incubation period of about 48 hours. No other clinical symptoms developed. Infection was studied by immunofluorescent and histological examination of tissues from the lambs. Astroviruses infected only mature villus epithelial cells and subepithelial(More)
Avian polyomavirus (APV) is the causative agent of an acute fatal disease in psittacine and some non-psittacine birds. In contrast to mammalian polyomaviruses, the APV genome encodes the additional capsid protein VP4 and its variant VP4Delta, truncated by an internal deletion. Both proteins induce apoptosis. Mutation of their common initiation codon(More)
In The Netherlands between January 2002 and December 2004, numerous psittaciformes died showing severe splenomegaly and hepatomegaly with multifocal acute necrosis. At the start of the outbreaks mostly parakeets were affected, but later larger parrots were also involved. Seventy-eight birds showed the same features and six were examined completely,(More)
A high prevalence of beta-lactams resistance among Enterobacteriaceae have been reported worldwide; however, there are not sufficient data on this issue in Algeria. beta-Lactams susceptibility of 203 Escherichia coli clinical isolates was determined by agar diffusion method, and production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) was screened by(More)
An avian adeno-associated virus (AAAV) was isolated after propagating a field isolate of the CELO virus (fowl adenovirus serotype 1 (FAV1)) in embryonated eggs. The isolated dependovirus was compared with the known AAAV obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC VR-865). The genomes were analysed by digestion with several restriction(More)
By adapting a very virulent fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4) to a fibroblast cell line (QT35) instead of growing the virus in chicken embryo liver cells or chicken kidney cells, it was possible to attenuate the virus. Birds infected with the attenuated virus (FAdV-4/QT35) on the first day of life expressed no adverse clinical signs and no mortality.(More)
A strain ofKlebsiella pneumoniae K25 resistant to newerβ-lactam drugs was isolated in clusters in five hospitals in the Paris area. The MICs of ceftazidime and aztreonam (⩾128 mg/l) were higher than that of cefotaxime (16 mg/l) for the strain but when measured in the presence of clavulanic acid, they were ⩽1 mg/l. The donor strains and derivatives produced(More)
Molecular imprinting techniques were adapted to design a sensor for the human rhinovirus (HRV) and the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), which are two representatives of picornaviruses. Stamp imprinting procedures lead to patterned polyurethane layers that depict the geometrical features of the template virus, as confirmed by AFM for HRV. Quartz crystal(More)
An antiviral containment strategy for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks could support or replace current contingency plans in case of an outbreak in Europe and could spare many healthy animals from being pre-emptively culled. Recently, substantial progress has been made towards the development of small molecule drugs that inhibit FMD virus (FMDV)(More)