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The proliferation and cytokine profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from microfilaraemic (Mf+) subjects infected by Loa loa in response to antigens of several parasitic stages were compared with those from amicrofilaraemic (Mf-) individuals. While a strong lymphoproliferative response and consistent levels of both Th1 (IL-2,(More)
  • G Wahl, A Renz
  • 1991
"Wild" Simulium bovis females were collected after they had taken blood on a bait oxen with skin microfilariae (mf) of Onchocerca dukei and Onchocerca ochengi. Flies ingested O. dukei mf in high numbers (13.1 mf per blood fed fly) but rarely mf of O. ochengi (3 mf in 60 flies). In 32 flies dissected 14 to 17 hours after the blood meal, a total of 130 O.(More)
The development of the human filaria Loa loa (Dirofilariinae, Onchocercidae), previously studied in monkeys, was studied using the non permissive hosts-mice and jirds. The development proved to be rapid: moult 3 occurred on day 8 post-inoculation, the adult stage was reached on day 25 and measured at that time 3-3.5 mm in length. As in the other filarioids,(More)
To aid the development of a macrofilaricidal agent for Onchocerca volvulus, the African bovine parasite, O. ochengi, was evaluated as a drug screen by testing three known filaricidal drugs. Groups of five Zebu cattle, naturally infected with more than 15 palpable O. ochengi nodules in the ventral skin, were treated with either suramin (10 mg/kg/day i.v. for(More)
Ventral skin biopsies from 204 Gudali cattle of the Vina division in the Adamawa highlands revealed microfilariae of Onchocerca gutturosa, O. ochengi and O. dukei in 85%, 51% and 8% of the animals, respectively. In 60 Fulani cattle from the Tcholliré division in the Sudan savanna, the same microfilaria species were detected in 92%, 83% and 47% of the(More)
Specific IgG subclasses were investigated in two villages (Okoumbi and Ndjokaye) in southeast Gabon with different Loa loa transmission intensities of approximately 9,000 and 1,300 infective larvae (L3) per person per year, respectively. IgG subclasses were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using extracts of L. loa L3, microfilariae(More)
BACKGROUND The Mosaic bioprosthesis is a third-generation stented porcine bioprosthesis combining physiologic fixation and alpha-amino oleic acid (AOA) antimineralisation treatment to improve haemodynamic performance and durability. This single-centre study reports the clinical results, including haemodynamic performance, of the Mosaic bioprosthesis after(More)
At the Centre International de Recherches Médicales (CIRMF) in Franceville, Gabon, a mini-symposium was held on the progress made in the research and control of loiasis from 20-22 February, 1995. The mini-symposium fulfilled its role as a platform for summarising and discussing recent advances in the research of this filarial infection and enabled the(More)
Onchocerca ochengi is a common parasite of cattle in savanna areas of West Africa and its adult stages inhabit intradermal nodules. We have exploited the accessibility of the macrofilariae to examine quantitative and qualitative differences in both the macro- and microfilariae (mff) in relation to age in naturally infected cattle. Autochthonous cattle at a(More)
BACKGROUND The Mosaic bioprosthesis (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) is a third-generation stented porcine bioprosthesis combining physiologic fixation and amino oleic acid antimineralization treatment to improve hemodynamic performance and durability. The findings of this single-center experience with this valve were evaluated to determine the clinical and(More)