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PURPOSE Neuropsychological studies suggest frontal lobe dysfunctions in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). In this study we investigated whether an underlying mechanism could be a regional neuronal damage not visible with structural magnetic resonance (MR), but detectable with magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS The study included(More)
In vivo longitudinal relaxation times of N-acetyl compounds (NA), choline-containing substances (Cho), creatine (Cr), myo-inositol (mI), and tissue water were measured at 1.5 and 3 T using a point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) sequence with short echo time (TE). T(1) values were determined in six different brain regions: the occipital gray matter (GM),(More)
OBJECTIVE While it is generally accepted that the thalamo-cortical loop is abnormal in idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), it is uncertain whether this loop is similarly affected among different IGE syndromes. We recently demonstrated reduced frontal lobe levels of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). The present(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormal thalamo-cortical oscillations underlie idiopathic generalised epilepsy (IGE). Although thalamic involvement has long been indicated by electrophysiological data, it has only recently become feasible to test this with independent methods. In this magnetic resonance (MR) study, we investigated the metabolic and structural integrity of the(More)
The aim of this work was to study and correct the influence of varying coil load and local B(1) field in single volume MR spectroscopy. A simple, precise, and user-independent way to adjust the transmitter gain has been developed and validated. It is based on a fit of the localized signal to flip angle variation around 90 degrees. This method proved to be(More)
Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) is a widely applied method in computational neurosciences but it is currently recommended to compare only data collected at a single MRI scanner. Multi-site VBM would be a desirable approach to increase group size and, thus, statistical power. We aimed to assess if multi-site VBM is feasible on similar hardware and compare the(More)
Automated analysis of 1.5 Tesla proton mass MR spectra using the LCModel program with basis sets obtained at other sites is expected to become more widespread, as such basis sets are now generally available. A calibration procedure to estimate absolute concentrations with such imported basis sets is suggested and the implications for differential T2(More)
Biexponential T(2) relaxation of the localized water signal can be used for segmentation of spectroscopic volumes. To assess the specificity of the components an iterative relaxation measurement of the localized water signal (STEAM, 12 echo times, geometric spacing from 30 ms to 2000 ms) was combined with magnetization transfer (MT) saturation (40 single(More)
Partial volume averaging of signal from multiple sclerosis lesions influences biexponential fitting of the water T2 relaxation as used for tissue/CSF segmentation of spectroscopic volumes. Periventricular volumes-of-interest comprising CSF, lesion and normal-appearing white matter in varying proportion were studied. The relaxation of the localized water(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) for noninvasive biological characterisation of neuroblastoma xenografts in vivo. For designing the experiments, human neuroblastoma xenografts growing subcutaneously in nude rats were analysed in vivo with (1)H MRS and magnetic resonance imaging at 4.7 T. The effects of(More)