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Glutamate racemase is an enzyme essential to the bacterial cell wall biosynthesis pathway, and has therefore been considered as a target for antibacterial drug discovery. We characterized the glutamate racemases of several pathogenic bacteria using structural and biochemical approaches. Here we describe three distinct mechanisms of regulation for the family(More)
Avibactam is a β-lactamase inhibitor that is in clinical development, combined with β-lactam partners, for the treatment of bacterial infections comprising gram-negative organisms. Avibactam is a structural class of inhibitor that does not contain a β-lactam core but maintains the capacity to covalently acylate its β-lactamase targets. Using the TEM-1(More)
With the diminishing effectiveness of current antibacterial therapies, it is critically important to discover agents that operate by a mechanism that circumvents existing resistance. ETX0914, the first of a new class of antibacterial agent targeted for the treatment of gonorrhea, operates by a novel mode-of-inhibition against bacterial type II(More)
A novel class of bacterial type-II topoisomerase inhibitor displaying a spiropyrimidinetrione architecture fused to a benzisoxazole scaffold shows potent activity against Gram-positive and fastidious Gram-negative bacteria. Here, we describe a series of N-linked oxazolidinone substituents on the benzisoxazole that improve upon the antibacterial activity of(More)
One-dimensional NMR spectroscopy has proven to be a powerful technique for screening compound libraries in drug discovery. We report a novel water ligand-observed gradient spectroscopy (WaterLOGSY) pulse sequence, named Aroma WaterLOGSY, that selectively detects aromatic WaterLOGSY signals from compounds or ligands. In the Aroma WaterLOGSY, water(More)
Oxazolidinones represent a new and promising class of antibacterial agents. Current research in this area is mainly concentrated on improving the safety profile and the antibacterial spectrum. Many oxazolidinones, including linezolid (marketed as Zyvox), are inhibitors of monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A), which presents an undesired side effect. Recently, it was(More)
We characterized the inhibition of Neisseria gonorrhoeae type II topoisomerases gyrase and topoisomerase IV by AZD0914 (AZD0914 will be henceforth known as ETX0914 (Entasis Therapeutics)), a novel spiropyrimidinetrione antibacterial compound that is currently in clinical trials for treatment of drug-resistant gonorrhea. AZD0914 has potent bactericidal(More)
Oxazolidinones represent a new and promising class of antibacterial agents. Current research in this area is mainly concentrated on improving the safety profile and the antibacterial spectrum. Oxazolidinones bearing a (pyridin-3-yl)phenyl moiety (e.g., 3) generally show improved antibacterial activity compared to linezolid but suffer from potent monoamine(More)
The compounds described herein with a spirocyclic architecture fused to a benzisoxazole ring represent a new class of antibacterial agents that operate by inhibition of DNA gyrase as corroborated in an enzyme assay and by the inhibition of precursor thymidine into DNA during cell growth. Activity resided in the configurationally lowest energy (2S,4R,4aR)(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the methanol extract of the Australian sponge Neopetrosia exigua led to the isolation of exiguaquinol (2), a new pentacyclic hydroquinone that inhibited Helicobacter pylori glutamate racemase (MurI) with an IC(50) of 4.4 microM. Its structure and relative configuration were assigned on the basis of spectroscopic data.(More)