Gunther Burkhardt

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Cisplatin preferentially accumulates in cells of the S3 segment of the renal proximal tubule and is toxified intracellularly by hydration. The earliest manifestation of toxicity is inhibition of protein synthesis. GSH depletion is another important mechanism causing CP toxicity. Intracellular binding to SH groups leads to GSH depletion, resulting in lipid(More)
Quercetin (QC), a polyphenolic compound widely distributed in fruits and vegetables has recently gained interest due to its cisplatin (CP) sensitizing properties in cancer cells. It is currently unknown, whether quercetin also increases the susceptibility of the kidneys to cisplatin toxicity. We studied the effects of various bioflavonoids on CP toxicity in(More)
BACKGROUND Cold ischemia and reperfusion during renal transplantation result in release of reactive oxygen species. The aim of this study is to examine whether cold storage induced cell injury can be ameliorated by adding flavonoids directly to preservation solutions. METHODS Cultured renal tubular epithelial cells (LLC-PK1) were stored in University of(More)
BACKGROUND Cold ischemia and reperfusion during kidney transplantation are associated with release of free oxygen radicals and damage of renal tubular cells. Bioflavonoids may diminish cold storage-induced injury due to antioxidant and iron chelating activities. This study was designed to delineate the renoprotective mechanisms of bioflavonoids and to(More)
In situ host immunity to the EMT6/Ro mammary sarcoma tumor was evaluated by implanting multicellular spheroids of this tumor into the peritoneal cavity of syngeneic BALB/cKa mice and determining the kinetics of host cell infiltration and tumor cell killing. Spheroids grown in vitro and implanted into unsensitized mice continued to grow resulting in(More)
Glycogen phosphorylase (EC of Manduca sexta flight muscle was separated into three distinct peaks of activity on diethylaminoethyl-Sephacel. The three fractions of phosphorylase activity were further purified by affinity chromatography on AMP-Sepharose and shown to have the same relative molecular mass (=178000) on polyacrylamide gradient gel(More)
The bioflavonoid quercetin, which has antioxidant properties, protects renal tubular epithelial cells from oxidant-induced injury by inhibiting lipid peroxidation. We examined the effect of quercetin on hypoxia-induced injury in freshly isolated rat renal proximal tubules. Hypoxia induced rapid loss of cellular ATP, followed by functional and structural(More)
Investigation of the aerial parts of Rhyncholacis penicillata afforded the new chromenes, 7-hydroxy-6-(3-methylbutyryl)-5-oxymethyl-chromene (rhynchonin A) and 7-hydroxy-6-(2-methylbutyryl)-6-oxymethylchromene (rhynchonin B). Structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and independent synthesis. Rhynchonin A showed broad insecticidal, acaricidal and(More)
The protective effect of quercetin against oxidant-induced cell injury (hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase system) was studied in the renal tubular epithelial cell line LLC-PK1. Pretreatment with quercetin provided protection from structural and functional cell damage in a concentration-dependent manner (10-100 microM). Comparison with structural variants(More)
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