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Chemokines coordinate many aspects of leukocyte migration. As chemoattractants they play an important role in the innate and acquired immune response. There is good experimental evidence that N-terminal truncation by secreted or cell surface proteases is a way of modulating chemokine action. The localization of CD26/dipeptidyl peptidase IV on cell surfaces(More)
Previous biochemical evidence has yielded conflicting models for the role of protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP-1B) in the regulation of integrin signaling. Thus, to establish the physiological relevance for such a role, we employed a genetic approach by generating embryonic fibroblasts from PTP-1B knockout mice. Both primary fibroblasts and their derived(More)
This review deals with the properties and functions of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV, EC This membrane anchored ecto-protease has been identified as the leukocyte antigen CD26. The following aspects of DPP IV/CD26 will be discussed : the structure of DPP IV and the new family of serine proteases to which it belongs, the substrate specificity,(More)
The serine protease CD26/dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (CD26/DPP IV) and chemokines are known key players in immunological processes. Surprisingly, CD26/DPP IV not only removed the expected Gly1-Pro2 dipeptide from the NH2 terminus of macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC) but subsequently also the Tyr3-Gly4 dipeptide, generating MDC(5-69). This second cleavage after(More)
Glutathionylspermidine synthetase (GspS) is an essential enzyme in the biosynthesis of trypanothione and is an attractive target for the design of selective anti-parasitic drugs. We synthesised a series of analogues of glutathione (L-gamma-Glu-L-Leu-X) where the glycine moiety has been substituted for other amino acids. These peptides were evaluated as(More)
Prolylprolylisoxazoles and prolylprolylisoxazolines were synthesized through a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction. These compounds are potent inhibitors of human and trypanosomal prolyloligopeptidase. They were shown to inhibit Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma b. brucei in in vitro systems with ED(50)'s in the lower microM range.
Structure-activity investigations of product-like dipeptide analogues lacking the C-terminal carbonyl function resulted in potent and selective dipeptidyl peptidase II (DPP II) inhibitors. Dab-Pip has an IC(50)=0.13 microM for DPP II and a 7600-fold selectivity with respect to DPP IV. This compound will be highly valuable for the investigation of the(More)
Glutathionylspermidine synthetase/amidase (GspS) is an essential enzyme in the biosynthesis and turnover of trypanothione and represents an attractive target for the design of selective anti-parasitic drugs. We synthesised a series of analogues of glutathione (L-gamma-Glu-L-Leu-Gly-X) where the glycine carboxylic acid group (X) has been substituted for(More)
Evidence for an interphase deprotonation of Pd(II)-amine complexes with weak carbonate base has been gained for the first time. When a rate-limiting deprotonation step is involved in the catalytic cycle, controlling the structure (shape and size of the particles) and/or molar excess of the carbonate base used can significantly increase the reaction rate of(More)