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Mutations of the parkin gene are the most frequent cause of early onset autosomal recessive parkinsonism (EO-AR). Here we show that inactivation of the parkin gene in mice results in motor and cognitive deficits, inhibition of amphetamine-induced dopamine release and inhibition of glutamate neurotransmission. The levels of dopamine are increased in the(More)
beta-Amyloid peptides are key molecules that are involved in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The source and place of the neurotoxic action of Abeta, however, is still a matter of controversial debates. In the present report, we studied the neuropathological events in a transgenic mouse model expressing human mutant beta-amyloid precursor protein(More)
Neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) are a characteristic neuropathological lesion of Alzheimer's disease (AD). They are composed of a highly-phosphorylated form of the microtubule-associated protein tau. We are investigating the relationship between NFTs and microtubule stability and how tau phosphorylation and function is affected in transgenic models and by(More)
To study the role of Abeta amyloid deposits in the generation of cytoskeletal lesions, we have generated a transgenic mouse line coexpressing in the same neurons a wild-type human tau isoform (0N3R), a mutant form of APP (751SL) and a mutant form of PS1 (M146L). These mice developed early cerebral extracellular deposits of Abeta, starting at 2.5 months. A(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly population. Dementia is associated with massive accumulation of fibrillary aggregates in various cortical and subcortical regions of the brain. These aggregates appear intracellularly as neurofibrillary tangles, extracellularly as amyloid plaques and perivascular amyloid in(More)
We have generated transgenic mice expressing the shortest human tau protein, the microtubule-associated protein that composes paired helical filaments in Alzheimer's disease. Transgenic tau transcripts and proteins were strongly expressed in neurons in the developing and adult brain. In contrast to the endogenous tau that progressively disappeared from(More)
There is circumstantial evidence that the reelin signaling pathway may contribute to neurodegeneration in the adult brain and could be linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present immunohistochemical report we studied the reelin expression profile in double-transgenic mice that express both human mutant beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and human(More)
Mutations in the gene for presenilin 1 are causative for the majority of cases of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease. Yet, the physiological function of presenilin 1 and the pathological mechanisms of the mutations leading to Alzheimer's disease are still unknown. To analyse potential pathological effects of presenilin 1 over-expression, we have(More)
Apolipoproteins are protein constituents of plasma lipid transport particles. Human apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV) was expressed in the liver of C57BL/6 mice and mice deficient in apoE, both of which are prone to atherosclerosis, to investigate whether apoA-IV protects against this disease. In transgenic C57BL/6 mice on an atherogenic diet, the serum(More)
The evidence that betaA4 is central to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) came from the identification of several missense mutations in the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene co-segregating with familial AD (FAD). In an attempt to study the proteolytical processing of mutated human APP in vivo, we have created transgenic mice expressing the human(More)