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Mutations in the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (mSOD1) gene are associated with a familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and their expression in transgenic mice produces an ALS-like syndrome. Recent observations suggest a role for inflammatory-related events in the progression and propagation of the neurodegenerative process in ALS.(More)
Mutations in copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) are associated with a familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and their expression in transgenic mice produces an ALS-like syndrome. Here we show that, during the course of the disease, the spinal cord of transgenic mice expressing mutant SOD1 (mSOD1) is the site not only of a progressive(More)
Levels of the potent pro-inflammatory prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) are elevated in postmortem spinal cords from patients with ALS, and inhibition of a key PGE(2)-synthesizing enzyme, cylcooxygenase-2, is neuroprotective in an in vitro model of ALS. The authors report that 82% of the patients with ALS studied had 2 to 10 times higher PGE(2) levels in CSF(More)
We report a combined EEG-single-photon emission CT (SPECT) study on a patient with epileptic negative myoclonus (ENM). Clinically, the ENM was characterized by brief repetitive lapses in postural tone of the right upper extremity when the arms were held outstretched, whereas no movement effect was observed during rest. Ictal EEG showed repetitive left(More)
PURPOSE We studied the functional organization of the interictal epileptic spike complex in patients with benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood (BREC). METHODS We recorded interictal epileptiform spikes and somatosensory evoked potentials after median nerve stimulation, providing a biologic marker for the location of the central sulcus in 12 patients with(More)
We present clinical, pathological and molecular features of the first Austrian family with fatal familial insomnia. Detailed clinical data are available in five patients and autopsy in four patients. Age at onset of disease ranged between 20 and 60 years, and disease duration between 8 and 20 months. Severe loss of weight was an early symptom in all five(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic liposomes (MLs) are phospholipid vesicles that encapsulate magnetic and/or paramagnetic nanoparticles. They are applied as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MLs have an advantage over free magnetic nanocores, in that various functional groups can be attached to the surface of liposomes for ligand-specific targeting.(More)
A common T/A polymorphism (rs9939609) in the fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene was found associated with early-onset and severe obesity in both adults and children. However, recent observations failed to find associations of FTO with obesity. To investigate the genetic background of early obesity, we analysed the single nucleotide polymorphism(More)
We studied propagation of epileptic discharges in five patients with supplementary motor area (SMA) seizures with subdural grid electrodes implanted over the dorsolateral frontal neocortex and in the interhemispheric fissure. We found that both interictal and ictal epileptic discharges occurred synchronously in the SMA and the primary cortex. The actively(More)
The aim of the present study was the in vivo evaluation of thiomer-coated liposomes for an oral application of peptides. For this purpose, salmon calcitonin was chosen as a model drug and encapsulated within liposomes. Subsequently, the drug loaded liposomes were coated with either chitosan-thioglycolic acid (CS-TGA) or an S-protected version of the same(More)