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Persistent contradictions in well supported empirical findings usually point to important scientific problems and may even lead to exciting new insights. One of the most enduring problems in evolutionary biology is the apparent conflict between paleontological and embryological evidence regarding the homology of the digits in the avian hand (1, 2). We(More)
Hox genes play a key role in animal body plan development. These genes tend to occur in tightly linked clusters in the genome. Vertebrates and invertebrates differ in their Hox cluster number, with vertebrates having multiple clusters and invertebrates usually having only one. Recent evidence shows that vertebrate Hox clusters are structurally more(More)
The classical homology concept has served as a heuristic principle for organizing the enormous wealth of information on comparative anatomical patterns across a wide range of organisms. However, the classical homology concept reaches its limit as knowledge of the evolutionary, genetic and developmental processes that underlie these anatomical patterns(More)
Epistasis is defined as the influence of the genotype at one locus on the effect of a mutation at another locus. As such it plays a crucial role in a variety of evolutionary phenomena such as speciation, population bottle necks, and the evolution of genetic architecture (i.e., the evolution of dominance, canalization, and genetic correlations). In(More)
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