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BACKGROUND Sickness absence with psychiatric disorders is a major public health problem with serious consequences for the individual, the employer and society. The aim was to assess the occurrence of psychiatric sickness absence with special focus on sex differences. METHODS A nationwide sickness insurance register was used. Population at risk was defined(More)
BACKGROUND Women take sick-leave more often than men, both in general and because of psychiatric disorders. The aim of the present study was to introduce the new dimension of sick-leave duration in the analysis of gender differences in minor psychiatric disorders. METHOD A population-based register was used, which included all sick-leave spells exceeding(More)
The objective of this study was to analyse sociodemographic differences in medication use, health-care contacts and sickness absence among individuals with medication-overuse headache (MOH). A cross-sectional, population survey was conducted, in which 44,300 Swedes (≥15 years old) were interviewed over telephone. In total, 799 individuals had MOH. Of these,(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of sickness absence with psychiatric diagnoses from 1994-2000, and the distribution across gender, age groups, diagnostic groups and regions in a general population. METHODS The population at risk was defined as all individuals aged 16-66 years who were entitled to sickness benefits in 1994,(More)
The decision process preceding prescribing analgesics is complex and the physician is often struggling to balance several disparate considerations in order to work out what is rational. Several factors--medical, intellectual, emotional and logistic--influence the decision whether or not to prescribe, and the decision itself influences how the physicians(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of mental health problems is rising. Large sex differences are found for mental health problems, which also is reflected in sick-leave. The aim of this study was to analyse the association of mental health problems with sickness absence in general. METHODS Employed women (n = 1407) in four occupational groups, namely metal(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to analyse the role of psychiatric disorders in sick-leave in different sick-leave diagnoses. METHOD A stratified population-based sample of women (n = 292) in Göteborg were interviewed, and diagnoses were made according to DSM-III-R. Sick-leave data, including diagnoses, were obtained for two years. RESULTS Women with psychiatric(More)
BACKGROUND Women report more occupational ill-health and are more sick-listed than men. Exploration of women's working conditions would therefore seem to be valuable. In this study we investigated the prevalence of work-related stress and its association with self-perceived health and sick-leave in a population of employed, working Swedish women. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Some previous studies have proposed potential explanatory factors for the social gradient in sickness absence. Yet, this research area is still in its infancy and in order to comprise the full range of socioeconomic positions there is a need for studies conducted on random population samples. The main aim of the present study was to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Medication overuse headache (MOH) is a chronic headache disorder, caused by overuse of acute medication. To date, it remains unclear why some people overuse these medications. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore how individuals with MOH use medications and other strategies to manage headaches in their daily lives, and their thoughts(More)