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The minor groove binding asymmetric cyanine dye 4-[(3-methyl-6-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-2,3-dihydro- (benzo-1,3-thiazole)-2-methylidene)]-1-methyl-pyridin ium iodide (BEBO) is tested as sequence non- specific label in real-time PCR. The fluorescence intensity of BEBO increases upon binding to double-stranded DNA allowing emission to be measured at the end of the(More)
Two new crescent-shaped unsymmetrical cyanine dyes have been synthesised and their interactions with DNA have been investigated by different spectroscopic methods. These dyes are analogues to a minor groove binding unsymmetrical cyanine dye, BEBO, recently reported by us. In this dye, the structure of the known intercalating cyanine dye BO was extended with(More)
The survival of Chinese hamster cells was reduced when they were temporarily treated with diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC), an efficient inhibitor of CuZn superoxide dismutase (SOD), before radiation exposure. The dose-modifying factor amounted to about 1.3, and was the same for irradiation under hypoxic and aerobic conditions. Treatment of the cells with DDTC(More)
A new asymmetric cyanine dye has been synthesised and its interaction with different DNA has been investigated. In this dye, BEBO, the structure of the known intercalating cyanine dye BO has been extended with a benzothiazole substituent. The resulting crescent-shape of the molecule is similar to that of the well-known minor groove binder Hoechst 33258.(More)
We have constructed light-up probes for nucleic acid detection. The light-up probe is a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligonucleotide to which the asymmetric cyanine dye thiazole orange (TO) is tethered. It combines the excellent hybridization properties of PNA and the large fluorescence enhancement of TO upon binding to DNA. When the PNA hybridizes to target(More)
Newly developed light-up probes offer an attractive tool for PCR product detection. The light-up probe, which consists of a thiazole orange derivative linked to a peptide nucleic acid oligomer, hybridizes specifically to complementary nucleic acids. Upon hybridization the thiazole orange moiety interacts with the nucleic acid bases and the probe becomes(More)
BACKGROUND The allergenic potency of a hapten is related to its skin penetration properties, but little is known about the distribution of haptens in the skin following topical application. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the diffusion and epidermal distribution using two-photon microscopy (TPM) of two fluorescent compounds. METHODS(More)
Diphenylthiourea (DPTU) is a known skin sensitizer commonly used as a vulcanization accelerator in the production of synthetic rubber, for example, neoprene. The versatile usage of neoprene is due to the multifaceted properties of the material; for example, it is stretchable, waterproof, and chemical- and abrasion-resistant. The wide application of neoprene(More)
The fluorescence enhancement of light-up probes (thiazole orange (TO) conjugated peptide nucleic acids (PNAs)) upon hybridization to target nucleic acid depends on the probe sequence, mainly due to large variations in free-probe fluorescence. Here we study three probes where the fluorescence in free state varies more than 50-fold. We find that this(More)
The rates of dissociation of three non-intercalative unsymmetrical cyanine dyes, BEBO, BETO and BOXTO from mixed-sequence DNA have been studied with the DNA either free in solution or in confining porous agarose gels. The properties of the new dyes were compared to the related intercalating dyes BO, BO-PRO, TO-PRO and YO-PRO. With DNA in solution, BEBO(More)