Gunnar Westman

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The minor groove binding asymmetric cyanine dye 4-[(3-methyl-6-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-2,3-dihydro- (benzo-1,3-thiazole)-2-methylidene)]-1-methyl-pyridin ium iodide (BEBO) is tested as sequence non- specific label in real-time PCR. The fluorescence intensity of BEBO increases upon binding to double-stranded DNA allowing emission to be measured at the end of the(More)
Diphenylthiourea (DPTU) is a known skin sensitizer commonly used as a vulcanization accelerator in the production of synthetic rubber, for example, neoprene. The versatile usage of neoprene is due to the multifaceted properties of the material; for example, it is stretchable, waterproof, and chemical- and abrasion-resistant. The wide application of neoprene(More)
The survival of Chinese hamster cells was reduced when they were temporarily treated with diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC), an efficient inhibitor of CuZn superoxide dismutase (SOD), before radiation exposure. The dose-modifying factor amounted to about 1.3, and was the same for irradiation under hypoxic and aerobic conditions. Treatment of the cells with DDTC(More)
The irradiation of pulp is of interest from different perspectives. Mainly it is required when a modification of cellulose is needed. Irradiation could bring many advantages, such as chemical savings and, therefore, cost savings and a reduction in environmental pollutants. In this account, pulp and dissociated celluloses were analyzed before and after(More)
The effect of genetically determined glutathione deficiency on the fibroblast content of CuZn superoxide dismutase, Mn superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase was investigated. No significant differences between glutathione-deficient and -proficient human fibroblasts were revealed. There was a large variation in the content of the(More)
BACKGROUND The allergenic potency of a hapten is related to its skin penetration properties, but little is known about the distribution of haptens in the skin following topical application. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the diffusion and epidermal distribution using two-photon microscopy (TPM) of two fluorescent compounds. METHODS(More)
We have constructed light-up probes for nucleic acid detection. The light-up probe is a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligonucleotide to which the asymmetric cyanine dye thiazole orange (TO) is tethered. It combines the excellent hybridization properties of PNA and the large fluorescence enhancement of TO upon binding to DNA. When the PNA hybridizes to target(More)
The rates of dissociation of three non-intercalative unsymmetrical cyanine dyes, BEBO, BETO and BOXTO from mixed-sequence DNA have been studied with the DNA either free in solution or in confining porous agarose gels. The properties of the new dyes were compared to the related intercalating dyes BO, BO-PRO, TO-PRO and YO-PRO. With DNA in solution, BEBO(More)