Gunnar Taraldsen

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OBJECTIVE To study perinatal risk factors for psychiatric symptoms in adolescents born preterm with very low birth weight or at term, but small for gestational age (GA). METHOD Mental health was assessed in 65 adolescents born with very low birth weight (VLBW) (birth weight < or = 1500 g), 59 born term small for GA (birth weight <10th centile) and 81(More)
A recently published one-parameter ground model based on Darcy's law is here generalized into a two-parameter model which depends on an effective flow resistivity and an effective layer depth. Extensive field measurements of the acoustic impedance of various ground types have been carried out for frequencies in the range from 200 Hz to 2.5 kHz. The model(More)
Gender differences in the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression during adolescence are well documented. However, little attention has been given to differences in subjective well-being, self-esteem and psychosocial functioning between boys and girls with symptoms of anxiety and depression. The aim of this study was to investigate gender(More)
A method for simulating forward wavefront propagation in heterogeneous tissue is discussed. The intended application of this method is for the study of aberration produced when performing ultrasound imaging through a layer of soft tissue. A one-way wave equation that permits smooth variation in all acoustically important variables is derived. This equation(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of a computer-based video analysis of the development of cerebral palsy (CP) in young infants. METHOD A prospective study of general movements used recordings from 30 high-risk infants (13 males, 17 females; mean gestational age 31wks, SD 6wks; range 23-42wks) between 10 and 15 weeks post(More)
OBJECTIVE Absence of fidgety movements (FM) in high-risk infants is a strong marker for later cerebral palsy (CP). FMs can be classified by the General Movement Assessment (GMA), based on Gestalt perception of the infant's movement pattern. More objective movement analysis may be provided by computer-based technology. The aim of this study was to explore(More)
A model equation is derived for nonlinear medical ultrasound. Unlike the existing models, which use spatial coordinates, material coordinates are used and hence a model for a heterogeneous medium is able to be derived. The equation is a generalization of the Westervelt equation, and includes the nonlinearity, relaxation, and heterogeneity of soft tissue.(More)
It is well known that improper priors in Bayesian statistics may lead to proper posterior distributions and useful inference procedures. This motivates us to give an elementary introduction to a theoretical frame for statistics that includes improper priors. Axioms that allow improper priors are given by a relaxed version of Kolmogorov’s formulation of(More)
Improper priors are used frequently, but often formally and without reference to a sound theoretical basis. A consequence is the occurrence of seemingly paradoxical results. The most famous example is perhaps given by the marginalization paradoxes presented by Stone and Dawid (1972). It is demonstrated here that the seemingly paradoxical results are removed(More)
We review and complement a general approach for Monte Carlo computations of conditional expectations given a sufficient statistic. The problem of direct sampling from the conditional distribution is considered in particular. This can be done by a simple parameter adjustment of the original statistical model if certain conditions are satisfied, but in(More)